[QODLink]
Middle East
'Malaria' killed King Tut
International scientists reveal ancient pharaoh suffered from genetic disorders.
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2010 23:20 GMT

King Tutankhamen, Egypt's best-known pharaoh, was a frail youth who died due to "severe malaria" more than 3,000 years ago, researchers have said, following extensive DNA analysis on his remains.

Scientists from Egypt, Germany and elsewhere, have been conducting DNA tests and CT scans on King Tut's mummy for the past two years, uncovering new details of the young ruler's lineage.

In a study to be published in the Journal of the American Medical Association on Wednesday, the scientists say the boy king was born with a cleft palate and clubfoot, and his parents were most likely brother and sister.

"This is how King Tut died, from severe malaria," Zahi Hawass, Egypt's senior archaeologist and co-author of the new study, said on Tuesday.

"We actually can say for the first time that we revealed the mystery behind the family of the Golden Boy - King Tut.

"He had severe necrosis and deformities in the toe of his left foot, and it caused him severe pain. This is why he was limping, he couldn't walk normally.

"130 canes were discovered in his tomb when it was unearthed," he said.

Mystery has surrounded King Tut since his tomb was discovered intact in 1922, yielding a stunning array of treasures, including a golden funeral mask.
 
He is believed to have ascended the throne at around 10 years of age, but died before his 20th birthday, sometime around 1324 BC.

Royal inbreeding

Theories of the cause of his death have ranged from supernatural forces, poisoning by his sister, to genetic diseases.

A hole in King Tut's skull was thought to be connected to his death, but a 2005 CT scan found it was likely created by the mummification process.

The latest findings indicate the young pharaoh had a weak immune system due to genetic disorders, probably brought about by inbreeding among ancient Egypt's royals. His death came from complications from a broken leg, along with malaria infection.
 
The new study also offers new details on King Tut's lineage, based on tests performed on 15 other royal mummies. It is thought that Tutankhamen's father was the pharaoh Akhenaton, who ruled Egypt for 17 years alongside Queen Nefertiti.

"I really believe that the reason for the deformities and the weakness in the bones came because Akhenaton, his father, married his full sister," Hawass said.

The identity of Tut's biological mother has yet to been confirmed, though.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
More than one-quarter of Gaza's population has been displaced, causing a humanitarian crisis.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Muslim charities claim discrimination after major UK banks began closing their accounts.
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Featured
In Brussels, NGO staff are being trained to fill the shortfall of field workers in West Africa.
Lawsuit by 6-year-old girl, locked up for a year, reignites debate over indefinite detention of 'boat people'.
Indonesian and Malaysian authorities are keeping a close eye on local supporters of the hard-line Middle East group.
Citizens of the tiny African nation say they're increasingly anxious of the fallout after alleged coup.
A humanitarian crisis and a budget crisis converge in the heart of the human smuggling corridor in Texas.
join our mailing list