[QODLink]
Middle East
Iraq releases new death toll figure
A human rights ministry report says 85,000 killed in violence between 2004 and 2008.
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2009 16:40 GMT
The ministry said its findings represent a "huge challenge" for the rule of law in Iraq [EPA]

At least 85,000 people have been killed in Iraq by bombs, murders and fighting from 2004 until 2008, Iraq's human rights ministry says.

The government released the figures on Tuesday in a draft report based on death certificates issued by the health ministry.

It said 147,195 people had been wounded in the same four years, but the number of undocumented injuries and deaths could be far higher.

"These figures draw a picture about the impact of terrorism and the violation of natural life in Iraq," the rights ministry said.

'Terrible figures'

"Outlawed groups through terrorist attacks like explosions, assassinations, kidnappings or forced displacements created these terrible figures, which represent a huge challenge for the rule of law and for the Iraqi people."

The report did not distinguish between civilian deaths and others, and a senior government official said the findings did not include missing persons, believed to be around 10,000 people.

Death tolls in Iraq

Iraqi Human Rights Ministry: 85,000 from 2004-2008

 Iraq Body Count: 102,071 from 2003-2009

 Lancet: 601,000 from 2003-2006

It said some 15,000 unidentified bodies were also found within the time period.

"Thousands of Iraqis killed since 2003 without being identified by their relatives were buried in special cemeteries called unidentified body cemeteries," the report said.

The figures in the report are lower than that of the Iraq Body Count project run by a group of academics and peace activists.

The project estimates that 102,071 civilians have died in the violence so far since 2003.

The group took its figures from media reports, which it then cross checked with numbers from hospitals, morgues and local non-governmental organisations.

But the figures from both the Iraqi government and the Iraq Body Count project are lower than the numbers from a 2006 study by The Lancet, a British-based medical journal.

The Lancet estimates 601,000 people were killed in Iraq between 2003 and 2006.

Foreign 'interference'

A recent spike in violence in Iraq has been blamed on Iraq's neighbouring countries, including Syria and Iran.

Baghdad has accused Syria of harbouring former Iraqi Baathists and the US has accused Iran of funding, arming and training armed groups operating in Iraq.

Hoshyar Zebari, the Iraqi foreign minister, has called on neighbouring countries to stop stoking instability in his country.

On Wednesday, Wijdan Salim, Iraq's human rights minister, said that she also believes neighbouring countries are making unrest worse in Iraq.

"They need to stop interfering and stop the terrorism from entering Iraq by their borders," Salim told Al Jazeera.

But she said she believes the security situation in Iraq will soon change for the better.

"I am very pained for anyone who lost his life. But ... we are trying to change the whole situation in Iraq, to have a democracy, to have a new government, to have the rule of law.

"We hope that 2010 will be different than now."

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
The new military government has issued warnings that it will soon start to clampdown on immigration offenders.
As Snowden awaits Russian visa renewal, the world mulls role of NSA and expects more revelations from document trove.
A handful of agencies that provide tours to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea say business is growing.
A political power struggle masquerading as religious strife grips Nigeria - with mixed-faith couples paying the price.
The current surge in undocumented child migrants from Central America has galvanized US anti-immigration groups.
join our mailing list