Relations between the two countries have deteriorated sharply since Israel's winter war on Gaza, when Turkey denounced Israeli conduct during the war.
And Ahmet Davutoglu, the Turkish foreign minister, cancelled his visit to Israel in September after Israel denied his request to visit the Gaza Strip from Israeli territory.
A brief statement posted on the Turkish military's website said the annual Anatolia Eagle drill would take place between October 10 and 23, but that international participation had been called off following "international negotiations conducted by the Turkish foreign ministry".
The statement did not elaborate.
Turkish military officials were not available for comment.
A government spokesman reached on Sunday would only point to the military's statement, saying he had nothing more to add.