[QODLink]
Middle East
Israel defies US over settlement
Israeli PM rules out freeze on expansion despite US calls to scrap East Jerusalem project.
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2009 17:58 GMT

The US has demanded that planning approval
for the project be revoked [AFP]

Israel has rejected calls by the US to suspend a planned housing project in East Jerusalem, positioning the two allies for a potential standoff over settlement construction.

Israeli officials said on Sunday that Michael Oren, the country's ambassador to Washington, had been summoned to the state department and told that a project in the disputed section of the holy city should be abandoned.

According to the Israeli Army Radio, the US has demanded that planning approval for the project, which is being developed by an American millionaire, be revoked.

But Binyamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, rejected the US demands, telling a cabinet meeting on Sunday that there would be no limits on Jewish construction anywhere in "unified Jerusalem".

"We cannot accept the fact that Jews wouldn't be entitled to live and buy anywhere in Jerusalem," Netanyahu declared, calling Israeli sovereignty over the entire city "indisputable".

Controversial project

Granted by the Jerusalem municipality earlier this month, the planning approval  for the controversial project allows the construction of 20 apartments plus a three-level underground parking lot that will replace the Shepherd Hotel.

In depth


 Video: Settlement plans stoke US-Israeli tensions
 
Focus: Outcry over Silwan demolition plan

 
Q&A: Jewish settlements
 Riz Khan: The battle over Israeli settlements
 Inside Story: US and Israel poles apart

The old hotel lies in the Palestinian neighbourhood of Sheikh Jarrah, where settlement building is illegal under international law.

Saeb Erekat, the chief Palestinian negotiator, said: "If the Israeli prime minister continues with settlement activities, he will undermine the efforts to revive the peace process."

Most international powers also considers Jewish neighbourhoods in East Jerusalem to be settlements and an obstacle to Israeli-Palestinian peacemaking.

Settlements have emerged as a major sticking point in relations between Israel and the administration of Barack Obama, the US president, because of their potential to disrupt Middle East peacemaking.

'Head-on collision'

Although Netanyahu recently yielded to US pressure to conditionally endorse the establishment of a Palestinian state, he has consistently resisted US demands for an immediate freeze on settlement expansion.

Speaking to Al Jazeera, Akiva Eldar, chief political columnist for the Israeli newspaper Haaretz, said the dispute was an example of how settlement building had become a publicly acknowledged obstacle to the peace process.

"I think the high profile that both Israel and the United States, as well as the Arab countries and particularly the Palestinians, have put on the settlements is offering a good potential for a head-on collision," he said.

"According to the official Israeli position, it's not illegal and even the United States, for many years, and even now, is not making a point of the legal issues, they're just saying its not helpful ... but no country, not even the United States, has recognised [Israel's] annexation of East Jerusalem."

Israel annexed East Jerusalem and declared all of the city its capital after the 1967 war.

Ziad al-Hammouri, the director of the Jerusalem Centre for Social and Economic Rights, told Al Jazeera: "What's happening in Jerusalem today ... is illegal. East Jerusalem is a part of the occupied territories which has to be given back and form part of a Palestinian state."

The centre provides legal assistance to Palestinian residents of East Jerusalem.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Featured on Al Jazeera
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Nearly half of Canadians have suffered inappropriate advances on the job - and the political arena is no exception.
Featured
Women's rights activists are demanding change after Hanna Lalango, 16, was gang-raped on a bus and left for dead.
Buried in Sweden's northern forest, Sorsele has welcomed many unaccompanied kids who help stabilise a town exodus.
A look at the changing face of North Korea, three years after the death of 'Dear Leader'.
While some fear a Muslim backlash after café killings, solidarity instead appears to be the order of the day.
Victims spared by the deadly disease are reporting blindness and other unexpected post-Ebola health issues.