Days of demonstrations against the June 12 re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the country's president appeared to die down on Tuesday, although accurate reports of events on the ground in Iran are complicated by the government's clampdown on foreign media.

Obama 'outraged'

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Barack Obama, the US president, has condemned the Iranian government's treatment of protesters as "unjust".

Obama said the international community was "appalled and outraged" by what he said were "threats, beatings and imprisonments" of demonstrators.

"I have made it clear that the United States respects the sovereignty of the Islamic Republic of Iran and is not interfering in Iran's affairs,'' he said during a news conference at the White House on Tuesday.

"But we must also bear witness to the courage and dignity of the Iranian people and to a remarkable opening within Iranian society. And we deplore violence against innocent civilians anywhere that it takes place.''

Protesters have demanded the Iranian government re-run the June 12 presidential elections that saw an overwhelming victory for Ahmadinejad, the incumbent.

At least 19 people have been killed in post-election clashes across Iran between protesters and riot police and paramilitaries.

While the broad-based protests have focused on the legitimacy of the entire presidential election, most of the demonstrators are supporters of Mousavi, Ahmadinejad's main challenger in the poll.

'World watching Iran'

Obama criticised Iran while maintaining that the US respects its sovereignty [Reuters]
In his address on Tuesday, Obama repeated that the world was watching events in Iran and said that how Tehran handles dissent from its own people "will help shape the tone, not only for Iran's future, but also its relationship to other countries".

Marwan Bishara, Al Jazeera's senior political analyst, said Obama needed to deplore the violence in Iran, while underlining US respect for Iran's political and territorial integrity.

"When it came to the question of the Iranian elections and their legitimacy, Obama said Iranians doubt the legitimacy of the elections; he said that he did not have observers on the ground so he could not judge on that issue."

The US president has been criticised by Republicans in the US who say he should do more to place pressure on Iran.

Rob Reynolds, Al Jazeera's senior Washington correspondent, said: "I believe criticisms [of Obama's handling of the Iran elections issue] will continue. What Obama has done here is change his rhetoric a little bit, but the policy stays exactly the same.
 
"His position has been exactly the same since the dispute over the election on June 12 began, which is that the United States has a strategic interest, of profound national security interests, of engaging with Iran over its nuclear programme and its support for various groups in the Middle East, such as Hamas and Hezbollah."

Diplomatic spat

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Obama's remarks also come amid heightened international tensions over the crisis in Iran following the country's disputed poll.

The UK said on Tuesday it was expelling two Iranian diplomats after Tehran ordered two British diplomats to leave the country.

Tehran has also accused the US and Britain of seeking to interfere in Iran's internal affairs.

Though Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, has agreed to extend the deadline for filing election complaints by five days, the country's highest legislative body has refused to annul the poll results, a key demand of the Iranian opposition movement.

A spokesman for the Guardian Council said there would not be a fresh vote.

"If a major breach occurs in an election, the Guardian Council may annul the votes that come out of a particular affected ballot box, polling station, district or city," Abbas Ali Kadkhodaei was quoted as saying by Press TV, an Iranian government-funded station.

"Fortunately, in the recent presidential election we found no witness of major fraud or breach in the election. Therefore, there is no possibility of an annulment taking place," he said.

Mousavi along with Mehdi Karroubi and Mohsen Rezaei - the other two defeated presidential candidates - have rejected the veracity of the poll and demanded that fresh elections be held.