"The king and Obama will discuss Arab-American relations and the future vision towards these relations," Jordanian officials said in a statement.
"They will also hold talks on Middle East issues, particularly the peace process and Jordan's concerns about the Palestinian cause, as well as the country's efforts to find a just solution to the problem and establish an independent Palestinian state."
Rami Khouri, the director of the Issam Fares institute at the American University of Beirut, told Al Jazeera that Obama's visit to Jordan is "largely a process of ratching up his foreign policy credentials".
"It is his weakest point, and this tour of the Middle East is part of his electoral campaign aimed at highlighting his capability to handle foreign affairs," he said.
"Jordan is friendly to the US, and I think this visit in particular will not pose too many difficulties."
Obama also plans to visit Israel and the occupied West Bank for talks on Wednesday, where he will continue to promote his foreign policy agenda.