Middle East
Iraq threatens assault on militias
PM says groups must disarm as 13 people are killed in the latest Baghdad clashes.
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2008 17:54 GMT

More than 900 people have died in recent clashes in Baghdad's Sadr City neighbourhood [AFP]

Iraq's prime minister has threatened to disarm Shia militias and Sunni fighters by force if they refuse to lay down their weapons.

The tough talk from Nuri al-Maliki, who launched a crackdown on Shia groups last month, came as at least 13 people died on Wednesday in the latest clashes in Baghdad's Sadr City.
Al-Maliki said that the al-Mahdi army of Muqtada al-Sadr, a Shia leader, along with groups such as al-Qaeda in Iraq must be dissolved.

He demanded that they hand over their weapons, stop interfering in state affairs, give upwanted men and stop running their own courts.
"The alternative is the continuation of force and clashes until we reach the end, to get rid of the weapons and the gangs who are carrying weapons," he said.

"We can't build a state along with militias."

Violence warning

Professor Juan Cole, an expert on Iraq from the University of Michigan, told Al Jazeera that efforts to tackle al-Qaeda in Iraq, a Sunni group, had to some extent succeeded.

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"Now Maliki and the American are turning their sights on the other major armed group outside the government," he said.

"There will be a lot of violence if Maliki attempts to eliminate the al-Mahdi army.

"The Sadr movement is a very large social movement, the Mahdi army is to some extent street gangs and young men with guns and you can't crush a thing like that very easily, its organic.

"You can't take a social movement out and shoot it."

Clashes between fighters and US and Iraqi security forces in the predominantly Shia neighbourhood of Sadr City have killed more than 900 people, according to Iraqi officials.

"There were 925 martyrs in Sadr City and 2,605 others have been wounded," Tehseen Sheikhly, spokesman for the government's Baghdad  security plan, said.

Militia crackdown

The fighting in the eastern neighbourhood of the capital began after al-Maliki targeted militias in the southern city of Basra. The crackdown triggered a wave of fighting across Shia areas.

Sheikhly insisted that the offensive in Sadr City "was not targeting any political party or group but armed groups".
"There will be a lot of violence if al-Maliki attempts to eliminate the al-Mahdi army"

Juan Cole,
Iraq expert
Wednesday's clashes started when a US patrol came under mortar fire, according to the US military. 
"The US soldiers returned fire and in the ensuing engagement killed seven militants," Lieutenant-Colonel Steven Stover, spokesman for the US army, said.

Later on Wednesday, another US patrol came under attack which damaged a military vehicle, while six other fighters died in battles with US forces, he said.

Some of the heaviest fighting has taken place in the past three days, with fighters taking advantage of blinding dust storms that ground US attack helicopters to launch ambushes on U.S. and Iraqi positions.

US forces have responded with tank fire and surface-to-surface missiles, destroying buildings.

At least 34 bodies and 112 wounded victims were brought to the two hospitals in Sadr City in the last 24 hours, hospital officials told the Reuters news agency.
Al Jazeera and agencies
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