Egyptian authorities have begun destroying the homes of more than 10,000 people to give archaeologists and tourists access to nearly 1,000 Pharaonic tombs that lie beneath them.
The government has been trying to move the residents of the town of al-Qurna on Luxor's West Bank for more than 50 years.
Most of them have now agreed to pack up and move to a newly constructed $32m complex less than 5km away.
Rania Yusuf, a spokeswoman for Egypt's Supreme Council for Antiquities in Luxor, said: "Most of them want to leave and they demand to leave."
Only a few families are continuing to resist relocation, she said, "and they will leave - believe me".
It took only 15 minutes for the first three long-abandoned houses to be destroyed. As the demolition began, one resident cursed from his roof.
In contrast with a similar resettlement operation 10 years ago, which left four people dead, the eviction on Saturday proceeded without serious incident.
|The brightly coloured homes in al-Qurna have |
become tourist attractions in their own right
Samir Farag, the governor of Luxor, said: "Three-thousand-five-hundred families will leave for a better life."
Negotiations between the government and the residents, many of whom depend on Luxor's tourist industry, repeatedly failed in the past.
Many people complained that the new homes being offered were too small and did not come with new jobs.
Now residents will be given either new homes or plots of land in a complex that will include schools and a police station, market and cultural centre.
"Yes we are sad, and what we've been offered is too far away, too expensive, we are very poor," Mohammed al-Konsil, a local shopkeeper, said.
Nadia Mohammad Qassem, who is still unsure of when she and her family will move, said: "We are happy, but at the same time we are not happy, because we leave the best place here."
The Egyptian government has not set a deadline for when the residents must leave or said when the new complex will be completed.
The arrival of European antiquity hunters in the late 18th and early 19th centuries originally encouraged Egyptians to move into the Theban hills where they were employed to help excavate, and loot, artefacts.
The homes are near the Valley of the Kings and its well-preserved tombs that draw thousands of tourists to Luxor every day.
Archaeologists have said that moving the residents is the best way to preserve the ancient necropolis under the town.
Zahi Hawass, Egypt's head of antiquities, said: "The fact that archaeology is regaining its rights here is the dream of my life. Hidden treasures are there."
But Hawass accused residents of pillaging artefacts to sell to tourists and said: "Terrible damage has been done to the tombs of Qurna."
The government plans to preserve a few of the brightly painted, mud-brick homes, some which are more than 200-years-old and have become tourist attractions in their own right.
But Hassan Amer, an Egyptologist and Cairo University professor who was born in a tomb in a village south of al-Qurna, said: "They will turn [al-Qurna] into a city of the dead without caring much for the living and their history."