[QODLink]
Europe
Russia MPs pass 'foreign agents' law
Controversial bill is seen as government ploy to stifle opposition and dissent and has been criticised by EU and US.
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2012 12:57

Russia's lower house of parliament has approved a controversial bill that brands foreign-funded NGOs as "foreign agents".

Activists said the Kremlin, Russia’s seat of government, was using the law passed on Friday to rein in critics.

The legislation, which has been criticised by the European Union and the US, was passed by the State Duma with 374 votes in favour, three against and one abstention in the third and final reading - just minutes after the second reading also sailed through.

NGOs failing to abide by the law would be punishable by hefty fines or jail time.
 

The deputies also passed another controversial law making libel or slander a criminal offence punishable by a fine of $152,000, voting 238 in favour to 91 against. 

Both bills are almost certain to be approved by the upper house before being signed into law by Vladimir Putin, Russia’s president who last year accused the US state department of funding protests against him. 

Analysts said the bill will set the stage for a crackdown on the opposition.

Bill ridiculed

Critics have argued that the term "foreign agent" implies spying for a foreign government and would harm the image of many human rights and environmental groups working in Russia. 

The final two readings of the bill were rushed through the largely pro-Putin chamber on the final day of its spring-summer session, despite protests from both Russian and Western rights groups. 

Opposition deputy Ilya Ponomarev of the Just Russia party ridiculed the bill, saying it had made him a foreign agent because of his efforts to help the victims of last weekend's devastating floods in southern Russia. 

"I have for sure become a foreign agent as I gathered donations for Krymsk and 1,000 people sent money from abroad," he told the Duma. 

"The law is one step towards the degradation of civil society and aimed at setting citizens against each other. Adopting this law is not right, it is aimed at creating a schism in society."

Putin on Tuesday voiced support for both bills, promising more money to the NGOs from the state budget and saying that libel should not incur jail time, as the legislators had initially proposed. 

Opposition deputies say that the libel bill, which was introduced just days ago, effectively "outlaws dissent" in the country. 

It especially singles out libel against judges, prosecutors and investigators. 

"It will be used to prosecute people who are not happy with the government," said senior Communist MP and former prosecutor Yury Sinelschikov, complaining of the lack of time to properly study the bill. 

507

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Featured
Spirits are high in Scotland's 'Whisky Capital of the World' with one distillery thirsty for independence.
President Poroshenko arrives in Washington on Thursday with money and military aid on his mind, analysts say.
Early players in private medicine often focused on volume over quality, turning many Chinese off for-profit care.
Al Jazeera asked people across Scotland what they think about the prospect of splitting from the United Kingdom.
Blogger critical of a lack of government transparency faces defamation lawsuit from Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.
join our mailing list