97-year-old on trial for Nazi war crimes
Hungarian man facing life imprisonment claims innocence over killings of 36 people in Serbian town during World War II.
Last Modified: 05 May 2011 15:00

A 97-year old Hungarian man has proclaimed his innocence at a war crimes trial in Budapest for the World War II killings of civilians in then-Yugoslavia, dismissing the charges as lies and the proceedings as a circus.

"I am innocent," the frail Sandor Kepiro told the court where he is facing a possible life sentence for the murder of 36 people during raids by Hungarian forces on the Serbian town of Novi Sad in January 1942.

More than 1,200 Jews and Serbs perished in the massacres.

Reading the charges, prosecutor Zsolt Falvai said Kepiro was directly responsible for the death of 36 Jews and Serbs: four who were murdered in their home by members of his patrol; two brothers whom he refused to set free; and 30 others whom he ordered aboard a lorry to take them to a field where they were shot.

"The charges are lies, all lies," Kepiro had told reporters earlier. "I knew nothing of the massacres. The soldiers told me nothing. This is a circus."

Answering the charges in court, Kepiro insisted he had been "the only person to refuse the order to use firearms," because the order had not been in writing.

He claimed to have actually saved the lives of five people whom a corporal had wanted to send to their deaths.

"I told him and his band to get lost and I said to the family: you're free."

Guilty in absentia

Kepiro, once number one on the Simon Wiesenthal Center's latest list of most wanted Nazi war criminal suspects, has already been found guilty in absentia of the crimes in Novi Sad twice: first in 1944, and then again in 1946, this time under the communists, when the previous 10-year jail sentence was quashed.

Sentenced to 14 years, he avoided prison by fleeing to Argentina where he remained for half a century before returning to Budapest in 1996. That was where the chief Nazi hunter of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Efraim Zuroff, tracked him down 10 years later.

"This is the first trial of a Hungarian war criminal and since Hungary has collaborated with Nazi Germany, it's very important it takes place," Zuroff told reporters.

"There can be no clemency, no sympathy and no ignoring of the facts," he said.

Inside the courtroom, Kepiro, who is hard of hearing, complained that he had not been able to hear any of the judge's opening comments. So his assistant, Eva Kadar, who is a relative, repeated the questions to the defendant.

Judge Bela Varga, stressing it was of paramount importance that Kepiro be able to following the proceedings with full attention, ordered that the hearings last no more than three hours, with a 10-minute break every hour.

Kepiro's defence lawyer, Zsolt Zetenyi, told journalists that the defendant's physical and mental capacities had deteriorated dramatically in recent years.

"I hope he can hold up until the end," Zetenyi said.

A second hearing was scheduled for Friday, followed by three more next week, with a verdict expected as early as May 19.

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