[QODLink]
Europe
War crimes retrial for ex-Kosovo PM
UN court back appeal against acquittal over offences allegedly committed during 1998 war.
Last Modified: 21 Jul 2010 13:25 GMT
Ramush Haradinaj had previously been acquitted over charges relating to the 1998 conflict [AFP]

A UN war crimes court has ordered the former prime minister of Kosovo to face a retrial two years after he was acquitted on charges of murder, torture and rape.

The president of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugolsavia (ICTY) said the original trial of Ramush Haradinaj was hampered by witness intimidation.

Patrick Robinson said on Wednesday that the trial chamber in The Hague, the Netherlands, had "failed to appreciate the gravity" of the intimidation.

Haradinaj had been charged, along with two former commanders in the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), with attacking Serb civilians as Kosovo fought for independence from Serbia in 1998.

'Miscarriage of justice'

Judges had thrown out charges against Haradinaj for lack of evidence, during a trial marked by the reluctance and witnesses to testify.

"The trial chamber failed to take sufficient steps to counter witness intimidation that permeated the trial," Robinson said.

"Given the potential importance of these witnesses to the prosecution's case, the error undermined the fairness of the proceedings and resulted in a miscarriage of justice."

Haradinaj, 42, and Idriz Balaj, 38, who allegedly headed a paramilitary unit, were acquitted in April 2008 on numerous counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Co-accused Lahi Brahimaj, 40, a deputy commander of the KLA and ran the Jablanica prison camp, was convicted of torture.

Haradinaj, the most senior Kosovo leader to stand trial at the ICTY, was a commander of the KLA at the time of the alleged atrocities, as was Balaj.

He showed no emotion as Robinson ordered the retrial and told guards to take the former leader into custody.

No date has been set for the trial.

Michel Abdel Massih, an international lawyer based in London, told Al Jazeera that it was "highly unusual to reverse an acquittal".

"What is interesting in this case is that the judgement of the court of appeal was not unanimous, it was by majority and there was a strong dissenting opinion by judge Robinson, who is a very experience international lawyer.

"The fact he gave a dissenting opinion, to me, tends to suggest that there are matters here that need to be looked at very, very closely."

Independence ruling

The development comes  a day before the International Court of Justice rules on Kosovo's independence from Serbia.

Serbia lost control over Kosovo in 1999 when Nato bombed it to halt the killing of ethnic Albanians in a two-year counterinsurgency war.

After nine years under an international mandate, the Albanian majority, backed by the United States and most EU member states, declared independence, which Belgrade vowed never to accept.

Serbia hopes the ICJ decision, which is only advisory, can help restore its claim on the Balkans' smallest country, one of the poorest corners of Europe.

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Since she was 16-years-old, Scottish Nationalist Party's Sturgeon has strove for independence from the UK.
Armed group's ransom success with German hostages marks a re-emergence, as authorities investigate ISIL links.
Western nations are moving into the resource-rich country after decades of disinterest, challenging China's interests.