As night fell and the temperature dropped close to freezing, hundreds of survivors huddled around stoves in the entrance of tents distributed by the Red Crescent.
The ground kept shaking with more than 100 aftershocks, the largest of which had a magnitude of 5.5.
Tayyip Erdogan, the prime minister, blamed the region's mud-brick buildings for the many deaths and said the government housing agency will build quake-proof homes in the area.
The quake was centred on the village of Basyurt, near the town of Kovancilar, and caught many people in their sleep.
Worst-hit was the Kurdish village of Okcular, where at least 15 of the 900 residents were killed and about 30 houses destroyed.
"The village is totally flattened," Hasan Demirdag, Okcular's administrator, told NTV television.
Graves were quickly dug and by the end of Monday afternoon all of the dead were buried following brief prayers at a village mosque that was missing part of its minaret after the tremor.
Al Jazeera's Serpil Karacan, reporting from Turkey, said the affected area was sparsely populated.
"The population is not high and for that reason the death toll may not be as high as it would have been in the city centre.
"We've had a very wet winter and in this [affected] place there are mud houses and their ceilings are very heavy. They have been taking a lot of water this year and that may have contributed to the damage we see," she said.
The quake killed many livestock, the main livelihood for locals in the impoverished region.
The quake was felt in neighbouring provinces of Tunceli, Bingol and Diyarbakir where residents fled to the streets in panic and spent the night outdoors.
Deadly earthquakes are frequent in Turkey,which is crossed by several active fault-lines.
Two powerful quakes in the heavily populated northwest claimed about 20,000 lives in August and November 1999.
In 2003, an earthquake measuring 6.4 brought down a school dormitory in the neighbouring province of Bingol province, killing 83 children
In 2007, an earthquake measuring 5.7 damaged buildings in Elazig.