Taylor tells court of US 'plot'
Former Liberian leader says he was indicted so US could control West African oil reserves.
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2009 16:17 GMT
Taylor told the three-judge panel that the US believed he was a destabilising factor in West Africa [AP]

Charles Taylor, the former Liberian president, has claimed at his trial in The Hague that he was indicted for war crimes as part of a "regime change" plan by the United States to gain control of West African oil reserves.

Taylor questioned the fairness of his trial by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone, which is trying him on allegations he controlled and supported fighters who murdered and mutilated thousands of civilians during Sierra Leone's 1991-2002 civil war.

"I am convicted already," he told the three international judges, in his final day of direct testimony in his own defence after 13 weeks in the witness box.

The former Liberian leader, 61, has frequently hit out at Washington in sometimes venomous monologues, accusing the country of seeking to overthrow him and of hypocrisy on human rights.

Oil resources

Taylor's testimony - totalling more than 250 hours on the stand - has chronologically reviewed his life.

He recounted his mixed parentage and boyhood in Liberia, his time at university in the US, his leadership of a Liberian fighter movement, his presidency and, in his words, his final role as a peace-seeking leader.

The final days of his account had little bearing on the 11 charges he faces, and denies, including murder, rape, sexual slavery and recruiting child soldiers in neighbouring Sierra Leone.

Instead, he has given his version of events that led to his resignation as Liberian president in August 2003, subsequent exile in Nigeria and arrest nearly three years later.

Taylor told the panel on Tuesday that the US believed he was a destabilising factor in West Africa, a region Washington saw as a possible future source of oil.

He said the US standpoint was that "we cannot have anyone in Liberia that we don't think is going to dance to our tune".

Obasanjo claim

Taylor said Olusegun Obasanjo, Nigeria's then-president, had assured him the UN Security Council would put the indictment on ice if he left Liberia, but said Obasanjo eventually "cracked" under international pressure to give him up.

Taylor said Obasanjo, pictured, 'cracked' under international pressure to give him up [AFP]
Taylor denied reports that he was arrested early in 2006 while trying to flee Nigeria with millions of dollars in cash.

"It is all lies," he said, telling judges he was only planning a visit to Chad and was carrying around $50,000 to pay hotel and other bills.

As his testimony concluded, Taylor rejected allegations - not part of the indictment against him - that he harboured members of al-Qaeda while he was still in office, calling them yet another US attempt to undermine his administration.

"I am associated with al-Qaeda and providing sanctuary in Liberia and the United States government would just overlook it? Never ever," Taylor said.

"This shows how desperate they have been to destroy me."

Prosecution lawyers were expected to begin cross-examining Taylor later on Tuesday.

It was still unclear when the next defence witness will take the stand or who that will be.

Taylor is likely to face weeks of cross-examination as prosecutors attempt to pick holes in his claims that he did not support Sierra Leone fighters whose signature atrocity was to hack off the limbs of villagers.

His is the last trial at the Special Court for Sierra Leone. Eight other fighter leaders have been tried, convicted and sentenced to prison terms ranging from 15 to 52 years.

A ruling is expected in the first half of 2010.

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