European stock exchanges were mixed  at the close, with the London FTSE 100 index of leading shares gaining 1.17 per cent at 4,959.59 points.
  
In Paris, the CAC 40 index rose 0.56 per cent to 4,054.54 points while in Frankfurt the DAX fell 0.42 per cent to 5,806.33 points. 

Bourses steady

In Asia, markets regained some of the ground they lost on the previous day.

Japan's benchmark Nikkei index closed up 0.96% on Wednesday, despite the Bank of Japan's Tankan corporate survey indicating that Japanese business sentiment had turned pessimistic for the first time in five years.

IN DEPTH


What now after bailout shock?

Economic analysis of bailout rejection

Fighting against US foreclosures

Markets in Hong Kong, Shanghai and Singapore were closed for holidays on Wednesday but share prices in Taiwan, Australia and New Zealand climbed.

But Song Seng Wun, a regional economist with CIMB-GK Research in Singapore, said that a rebound in stock markets was "not really" the best measure of financial health.

Investors were "taking things day by day" and taking their lead from Wall Street, waiting to see whether help was on the way for the US economy, he told Al Jazeera.

Song said that liquidity was still an issue as until there was greater clarity on a financial plan or on the health of the global financial system, financial institutions were essentially "hoarding cash", lending only to their "most trusted friends".

Modified bill

Republican and Democratic leaders in the House of Representatives have expressed hope that the revised bill will be passed on Wednesday.

IN VIDEO

Americans' economic concerns

Effects of bailout snub

Republican house members voted against the rescue package on Monday by a more than 2-to-1 margin. A majority of Democrats voted in favour.

Speaking to Al Jazeera on Wednesday, Allister Heath, editor of City AM, a London-based business publication, said: "I think the only good news is that even if the rescue package does not go through, it is not the end of the world.

"All over the world, governments have been taking their own action; banks have been sold and bought, sometimes nationalised. There have also been private-sector solutions.

"Optimism has returned to the trading floors here in London and also on Wall Street, but it is very hard to predict whether a plan will be passed by both houses of the US congress.

"The problem is that the left and the right tend to disagree [on the rescue package] The left think it is bailing out big banks while the right see it as a form of socialism."

Heath said even if the rescue plan goes through, the problem of the credit crunch will not go away.

"It is merely another weapon to tackle the problem," he said.

"Basically, the credit crunch is getting worse; many more banks will have to be rescued and hundreds of billions of bad debt is going to have to be written off.

"Stock markets will continue to fall, property prices will continue to fall. All over the world, consumers and savers will suffer."