UK releases secret Iraq WMD file
Document justifying war with Iraq published after freedom of information campaign.
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2008 18:47 GMT
David Kelly, pictured, was found dead after being named as the source of a BBC report [EPA]

The British government has released a once secret draft document that was drawn up to justify going to war in Iraq, succumbing to three years of pressure from freedom of information campaigners.
The 32-page document states that Iraq had stockpiles of chemical and biological weapons and could easily use them since it had done so before.
The document, amended in the margins, makes no mention of Saddam Hussein being capable of launching weapons of mass destruction within 45 minutes.
The false claim was later used in another government dossier to make the case for going to war.
'Dodgy dossier'
In the document, written in late 2002, John Williams, director of communications at the foreign office, said: "Saddam remains the only man to have used chemical weapons to wage war on civilians: so far.

"It is not speculative to suggest he would do so again if he could: he has done it. And we know that he is now re-equipping himself with chemical weapons, while seeking to extend the range of the missiles that would carry them."

The much-disputed 45-minute threat was made in what came to be known as the "dodgy dossier", a document the BBC subsequently alleged was "sexed up" to make the case for war stronger.

A hunt for who might lie behind the BBC's reporting ensued, and David Kelly, a government weapons expert, later committed suicide, prompting a high-level inquiry into the affair.


Britain had sought to prevent Williams' draft being released because it argued that those who draft policy documents should not fear that their ideas might end up being made public.

However, a freedom of information tribunal eventually ruled against them and last month ordered the draft to be released.

The foreign office published it on its website on Monday.

Because Williams' draft makes no mention of the 45-minute claim, but a later government dossier did, it had been suggested that some degree of "sexing up" must have taken place.

But the government said several people were working on draft documents at the same time and it was another dossier, drawn up by the Joint Intelligence Committee, that ultimately was used to make the case for going to war.

"The document produced by John Williams ... was not commissioned as part of the formal drafting process and was not used as the basis for the dossier the government subsequently published," David Miliband, the foreign secretary, said.

'Rape squads'

As well as the claims about chemical and biological weapons, which were false as no such weapons were found after the invasion of Iraq, Williams' draft accused Iraq of having government-run "rape squads" to intimidate the population.

"Rape is a standard method of intimidation by the regime," his document said.

"The government personnel card produced here (picture) identifies its holder, Aziz Saleh Ahmed, as a 'fighter in the popular army' whose activity is 'violation of women's honour': in other words, he is a professional rapist."

A parenthetical note adds: "(any more on these people? This is the ghastly single image of oppression we must get into people's minds)."

Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Swathes of the British electorate continue to show discontent with all things European, including immigration.
Astronomers have captured images of primordial galaxies that helped light up the cosmos after the Big Bang.
Critics assail British photographer's portrayal of indigenous people, but he says he's highlighting their plight.
As Western stars re-release 1980s charity hit, many Africans say it's a demeaning relic that can do more harm than good.
At least 25,000 displaced people have gathered on the northern border, with more on the way trying to escape attacks.
Remnants of deadly demonstrations to be displayed in a new museum, a year after protests pushed president out of power.
No one convicted after 58 people gunned down in cold blood in 2009 in the country's worst political mass killing.
While hosting the World Internet Conference, China tries Tiananmen activist for leaking 'state secrets' to US website.
Once staunchly anti-immigrant, some observers say the conservative US state could lead the way in documenting migrants.