On Friday, Berlusconi turned an the 'Italian Pride' award ceremony into an impromptu electoral rally and called for new elections to be called as soon as possible.
"It has been a long time since I have seen so many happy and serene faces around," he said to supporters at the Naples event.
"We have all freed ourselves of a very heavy burden. Let's say it clearly, the last 20 months were 20 months of general depression.
"We could not go on with this government. It is urgent now to have the Italians have their say and choose their leader.
"To make this happen and to have an effective government as soon as possible there is an urgent need to set a date for new elections to be held, with the current electoral law".
However, most analysts agree that Napolitano would favour the formation of an interim government rather than dissolving parliament and holding new elections.
Such a government would need cross-party backing and would be charged with making the electoral system less unstable.
Prodi, who remains caretaker prime minister until a solution can be found, has said that he would not lead an interim government.
Italy's electoral system was heavily altered by Berlusconi when he was prime minister and it is widely seen as responsible for the unstable system of fragmented coalitions which has marred Prodi's tenure.
Arnold Cassola, a member of the Green Party who had backed Prodi, told Al Jazeera that he blamed Berlusconi for the current political instability.