[QODLink]
Central & South Asia

India to free some prisoners awaiting trial

Court orders release of thousands of inmates who have served half maximum possible term without trial amid overcrowding.

Last updated: 05 Sep 2014 11:28
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
The Supreme Court said prisons across the country must comply with the law [File pic: Reuters]

India's Supreme Court has ordered the country's overcrowded jails to free all inmates who have served half their maximum possible term without trial, in a landmark ruling with potential implications for hundreds of thousands of prisoners.

More than two-thirds of the country's nearly four million prison inmates are awaiting trial, according to Amnesty International, many having already spent years in prison.

Indian law already states that prisoners awaiting trial must be released once they have served half the maximum sentence they would receive if found guilty, but the law is rarely implemented.

On Friday, Chief Justice RM Lodha said prisons across the country must comply with the law, and ordered local judges and magistrates to oversee the process.

"Judicial officers shall identify prisoners who have completed half of the maximum period of imprisonment provided for offences they are charged with," he said.

"After completing the procedure they should pass appropriate orders in the jail itself for the release of undertrial prisoners."

It is not yet clear exactly how many prisoners will be affected by the ruling.

Last month, G Ananthapadmanabhan, the chief executive of Amnesty International India, said that "thousands of poor and voiceless undertrial prisoners, by the government's own admission, are locked away for long periods in prison, awaiting trial for minor offences".

Compensation call

Suhas Chakma, director of the New Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights, welcomed Friday's ruling.

"Most of the time those languishing in jails are poor and illiterate people who are not aware of their rights," he said.

"In fact, the government should also pay compensation to such people for making them suffer in jails."

Rights activists say India's justice system is slow, inefficient and sometimes corrupt, meaning inmates can wait years to have their cases heard in court.

Official figures show there were more than 30 million trials pending across India at the end of 2012.

308

Source:
Agencies
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Swathes of the British electorate continue to show discontent with all things European, including immigration.
Astronomers have captured images of primordial galaxies that helped light up the cosmos after the Big Bang.
Critics assail British photographer's portrayal of indigenous people, but he says he's highlighting their plight.
As Western stars re-release 1980s charity hit, many Africans say it's a demeaning relic that can do more harm than good.
Featured
No one convicted after 58 people gunned down in cold blood in 2009 in the country's worst political mass killing.
While hosting the World Internet Conference, China tries Tiananmen activist for leaking 'state secrets' to US website.
Once staunchly anti-immigrant, some observers say the conservative US state could lead the way in documenting migrants.
NGOs say women without formal documentation are being imprisoned after giving birth in Malaysia.
Public stripping and assault of woman and rival protests thereafter highlight Kenya's gender-relations divide.