Authorities in Indian-administered Kashmir have imposed a curfew in parts of the troubled region to quell violent protests over a deadly shooting by paramilitary forces.

A man was killed on Wednesday when paramilitary forces fired pellets at protesters.

Residents, however, insist the troops were firing bullets at the crowd protesting near a police camp in Shopian district, about 50km south of the territory's main city of Srinagar.

After the shooting, hundreds of residents hurled stones, shouted anti-India slogans and demanded the police camp be dismantled.

Police used tear gas and batons in response.

Kashmir is divided between India and Pakistan by a heavily militarised Line of Control with both countries claiming the disputed territory in full.

The two nuclear-armed South Asian rivals have fought three wars, two of them over Kashmir, since their independence from British colonial rule in 1947.