Nearly two million Afghan refugees living in Pakistan are waiting to find out whether they will have to leave by the end of the year when their residency cards expire.
Islamabad has said it will not forcefully repatriate people once the deadline is up in December, but it is not offering any assurances that they can stay.
For some Afghan refugees, who have established lives in neighbouring Pakistan, the threat of a return to Afghanistan is a fearful prospect.
Many would face a homeland where have not lived for nearly three decades, forced to restart their lives.
Al Jazeera's Imtiaz Tyab reports from Peshawar.