The republics of India and Pakistan were created in 1947 when the British Raj pulled out of the subcontinent.
In what became the largest known population transfer in history, India was split along religious lines and an estimated 14 million Hindus, Muslims and Sikhs migrated across the newly formed borders.
Both countries looked to the future with hopes that political stability and economic prosperity would lead to a stronger and more positive relationship.
As they prepare to mark the 65th anniversary of their independence, Al Jazeera's Sohail Rahman looks at how the two nations have fared.
Source: Al Jazeera