Central & South Asia
Kyrgyzstan forces 'aided' violence
Rights group says troops may have taken part in recent violence against ethnic Uzbeks.
Last Modified: 16 Aug 2010 15:04 GMT
Almost 400,000 people fled the country as
violence erupted in June [AFP]

Kyrgyzstan's armed forces may have actively taken part in violence by ethnic Kyrgyz mobs against the minority ethnic Uzbek community which killed at least 370 people two months ago, a New York-based rights group has said.

Many witnesses reported seeing individuals in camouflage attacking ethnic Uzbeks and using armoured military vehicles to remove improvised roadblocks barring entry into Uzbek neighbourhoods, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report on Monday.

"This pattern raises serious concerns that some government forces either actively participated in, or facilitated attacks on, Uzbek neighbourhoods by knowingly or unwittingly giving cover to violent mobs," the report said.

The report also said that "while the authorities claim to be investigating crimes committed during the June violence by both ethnic groups, Human Rights Watch research indicates that the security operations disproportionately targeted ethnic Uzbeks".

The report surveyed the cause and consequence of a five-day wave of violence that erupted on June 10 in the southern city of Osh and led to the fleeing of at least 400,000 people to neighbouring Uzbekistan.

Large-scale "sweep" operations took place in Uzbek neighbourhoods, during which law enforcement officers beat and insulted residents and looted their homes, the report added.

The findings were based on 200 interviews with ethnic Kyrgyz and ethnic Uzbek victims and witnesses, lawyers, human rights defenders and government officials.

Torture allegations



  Q&A: Kyrgyzstan's ethnic violence
  In pictures: Kyrgyzstan's ethnic clashes
  Focus: Kyrgyzstan's hollow revolution
  Profile: Roza Otunbayeva
  Interview: Kurmanbek Bakiyev
  Inside Story:
  Russia's growing influence
  Behind Kyrgyzstan's unrest


  Kyrgyz reservist called in
  Uzbeks fear spreading violence
  Uzbeks flee Kyrgyzstan violence

HRW also reported the torture and ill-treatment of more than 60 detainees, one of whom died of injuries sustained while in custody.

"In at least four cases, the victims reported being tortured by suffocation with gas masks or plastic bags put on their heads; one detainee reported being burned with cigarettes, and another reported being strangled with a strap."

A spokesman for the Kyrgyz prosecutor general's office rejected the allegations, saying the government was capable of investigating without outside assistance.

"We are capable of objectively investigating this by ourselves. Yes, there were offenses committed by the Kyrgyz security forces, but there was no genocide or ethnic cleansing of Uzbeks," Sumar Nasiz told AFP news agency.

Meanwhile, Farid Niyazov, Kyrgyzstan's interim government spokesman, did not immediately comment on the report, but said the government welcomes the probe and would continue to co-operate with rights groups to help establish the truth about the unrest.

Ethnic tensions

Kyrgyzstan, an impoverished country bordering China, has been wracked by political chaos and ethnic violence since violent street protests toppled President Kurmanbek Bakiyev in April.

Roza Otunbayeva, the interim president, has struggled to impose order since assuming power, particularly in its deeply-divided southern regions.

Tensions between the two communities are believed to be rooted in a rivalry over land in the overpopulated Ferghana Valley, where the violence-wracked cities of Osh and Jalal'abad are located.

"The conflict is related to the lack of balance, as economic powers were in the hands of Uzbeks, while political power belonged to Kyrgyz," Anna Neistat, HRW researcher, said.

Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Indonesia's digerati could be crucial to success in the country's upcoming presidential election.
How Brazil's football legend turned every Corinthians' match into a political meeting for democracy.
As the Pakistani army battles Taliban forces, civilians in North Waziristan face an arduous escape for relative safety.
Nepalese trade in a libido-boosting fungus is booming but experts warn over-exploitation could destroy ecosystem.
Survey of more than 300 colleges shows 40 percent do; highlights lack of training for administrators, law enforcement.
Three years after independence, South Sudan still struggles to escape poverty and conflict.
Foreign entrepreneurs are taking advantage of China's positive economic climate by starting their own businesses there.
The study is the first to link development fields in Alberta, Canada with illnesses and contamination downstream.
Pioneering research on stem cells in Japan took a series of bizarre turns.
join our mailing list