[QODLink]
Central & South Asia
Petraeus urges unity in Afghan war
New US commander says forces will remain committed to minimising civilian deaths.
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2010 21:53 GMT
Petareus, left, has been appointed to replace General Stanley McChrystal in Afghanistan [AFP]

General David Petraeus, Nato's newly appointed commander of the war in Afghanistan, has said that allies in the military alliance need to improve their co-operation in the country.

Speaking for the first time since being confirmed in the role, Petraeus on Thursday laid out his plans to deal with the conflict during a visit to Nato headquarters in Brussels.

Petraeus addressed the key question of rules of engagement, which are aimed at cutting civilian casualties, but have been criticised by some soldiers for leaving them at greater risk.

The general had suggested during a senate committee hearing that the rules could be changed, but on Thursday he said he would only be looking at their application because he had "a moral imperative to bring all force to bear when our troops are in a tough position".

"In counterinsurgency, the human terrain is the decisive terrain, and you must do everything possible to reduce civilian casualties ... in the course of military operations," he said.

The current rules, which were brought in Petraeus's predecessor General Stanley McChrystal, came amid growing Afghan anger at the number of civilian deaths during US and Nato operations.

McChrystal was relieved of his post last week after an article was published in Rolling Stone magazine in which he and his aides criticised officials in the US government.

Afghan welcome

Zeina Khodr, Al Jazeera's correspondent in Afghanistan, said the government there had welcomed the change.

"Petraeus said the war effort will have to be a combined one - military effort and a civilian one [which will please the government]," she said.

IN DEPTH

  Inside Story: The Taliban's counter-strategy
  Focus: To win over Afghans, US must listen
  Timeline: Afghanistan in crisis
  Videos:
  Summer offensive warning
  Kandahar's sitting ducks
  Forces 'positive' on Afghan assault
  Afghanistan's influential elders
  Taliban second in command captured

"A lot of Afghans would have welcomed the fact that they heard Petraeus as well as the Nato secretary-general stress the word 'committed', as a lot of people have been hearing over recent weeks about exit plans and withdrawal dates."

William Hague, the new British foreign secretary, said on Thursday he would be "very surprised" if Afghan forces had not taken control of their own security from international forces by 2014.

However, he insisted Britain was not setting a timetable for withdrawing its 9,500 troops from Afghanistan, even after David Cameron, the UK prime minister, said last week that he wanted them home before the next election in 2015.

"There is a difference between all nations," Michael Codner, a defence specialist at the Royal United Services Institute in London, told Al Jazeera.

"US president Obama mentioned last autumn that July was the time to consider troop withdrawals. The UK's David Cameron talked about 2015 would be the time in which they'd hope to reduce, but there other nations such as Canada and the Netherlands who have decided to reduce their forces.
 
"The smaller contributors would see it as doing their share, and when have done their share then other nations should take it on."

Petraeus was likely during his Brussels visit to have had to smooth ruffled feathers among the European allies who contribute troops to the 122,000-strong international force in Afghanistan.

'Change of command'

Diplomats said member governments were not consulted about the changeover in command after Barack Obama, the US president, suddenly dismissed General Stanley McChrystal, Petraeus' predecessor.

Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Nato's secretary-general, expressed support for McChrystal after the remarks he made to Rolling Stone, and had to backtrack the following day and give his backing to Obama's decision to replace him with Petraeus.

On Thursday, Fogh Rasmussen emphasised his backing of Petraeus.

"This has been a change of command, not a change of strategy," he said. "General Petraeus has our full support."

McChrystal's sacking came amid growing disillusionment with the war in Europe, and increased deaths among foreign troops.

Allied deaths have doubled in the first six months of this year, with June being the deadliest month on record for Nato troops in the nine-year conflict.

Patrick Hennessey, an author and a former soldier who served in Afghanistan and Iraq, told Al Jazeera: "June is traditionally the start of the fighting season proper but the difference between this June and previous ones is that there are far more coalition forces in the south where the fighting is most intense than there has been previously.

"It's the nature of counter insurgencies of the type that Stanely McChrystal had started turning Isaf towards and that General Petraeus is now clearly going to continue, that the soldiers are exposed to more risk but I don’t think we can read that progress hasn't been met because of these casualty numbers," he said.

Accusations of corruption against Afghan government officials and shifting political allegiances in the country have left many countries supporting the war effort uneasy.

Officials said that Petraeus would travel to Afghanistan after the Nato briefing.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Tokyo government claims its homeless population has hit a record low, but analysts - and the homeless - beg to differ.
3D printers can cheaply construct homes and could soon be deployed to help victims of catastrophe rebuild their lives.
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
Featured
Booming global trade in 50-million-year-old amber stones is lucrative, controversial, and extremely dangerous.
Legendary Native-American High Bird was trained in ancient warrior traditions, which he employed in World War II.
Hounded opposition figure says he's hoping for the best at sodomy appeal but prepared to return to prison.
Fears of rising Islamophobia and racial profiling after two soldiers killed in separate incidents.
Group's culture of summary justice is back in Northern Ireland's spotlight after new sexual assault accusations.