Central & South Asia
Search on for India jet 'black box'
Investigators scour wreckage of Air India plane that crashed killing 158 people.
Last Modified: 24 May 2010 21:52 GMT
Many passengers were migrant workers returning from jobs in the Gulf to visit their families [AFP]

Investigators in India are continuing to search the wreckage of an Air India Express jet for the "black box" that records all flight data, two days after the plane crashed in the southern city of Mangalore killing 158 people.

Only eight people among the 166 passengers and crew on the flight from Dubai survived the crash after the plane veered off the end of the runway and burst into flames on Saturday.

The area around the crash site remained cordoned off on Monday as investigators used excavators and cutting equipment to sift through the charred remains of the fuselage.

The cockpit voice recorder of the Boeing 737-800 was found on Sunday.

US aviation experts have been sent to India to join the investigation.

Philip Crowley, a US state department spokesman, said: "India's Directorate General for Civil Aviation has requested technical assistance.

"An eight-member team of investigators from the United States National Transportation Safety Board, the Federal Aviation Administration and Boeing will arrive in Mangalore on Tuesday to participate in the investigation."

PM condoles

All 158 bodies have been recovered but DNA tests are being conducted to determine the identities of 12 passengers.

Black box: key to air crash investigations 

Modern black boxes, which are actually orange in colour, record up to 300 factors of flight including:

 Airspeed and altitude
 Heading and vertical acceleration
 Aircraft pitch
Cockpit conversations
Radio communications

At a news conference in New Delhi on Monday, Manmohan Singh, India's prime minister, expressed his "deep condolences" to the families of those who died and held a one-minute silence.

Air crash investigators from India's Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) have inspected the airport runway and are studying tapes of air traffic control contact with the plane in its final moments.

The DGCA said in a statement that the cockpit voice recorder (CVR) "is expected to yield the desired information" even though it has been affected by fire.

Aircraft manufacturer Boeing said it was sending a team to help the investigation.

'No distress call'

Survivors of India's worst air crash since nearly 350 people were killed when two planes collided in mid-air over New Delhi in 1996 described hearing a loud thud shortly after touchdown at the hill-top Bajpe airport.

Indian officials said landing conditions at time of the crash were fair [Reuters]

Landing conditions were fair with good visibility, officials said, and there had been no distress call from the cockpit.

Praful Patel, the civil aviation minister, described the chief pilot, a British national of Serbian origin, as a "very experienced" flier who had logged 10,000 hours of flying time.

On Saturday, Patel said that the sanded safety area surrounding the runway in the event of an overshoot was shorter than at some airports.

Air India Express is a budget airline operated as a subsidiary by the state-run carrier.

Many of the passengers were migrant workers returning from jobs in the Gulf to visit their families.

India's last major plane crash was in 2000, when 61 people were killed after a passenger jet plunged into a residential area near the eastern city of Patna.

The country's air safety record has been good in recent years despite the rapid increase in airlines keen to serve increasingly wealthy domestic customers.

Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Your chance to be an investigative journalist in Al Jazeera’s new interactive game.
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Private citizens take initiative to help 'irregular' migrants, accusing governments of excessive focus on security.
Indonesia's cassava plantations are being killed by mealybugs, and thousands of wasps have been released to stop them.
Violence in Ain al-Arab has prompted many Kurdish Syrians to flee to Turkey, but others are returning to battle ISIL.
Unelected representatives quietly iron out logistics of massive TPP and TTIP deals among US, Europe, and Asia-Pacific.
Led by students concerned for their future with 'nothing to lose', it remains to be seen who will blink first.