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Central & South Asia
US diplomat meets Musharraf
John Negroponte tells Pakistan's president to end emergency rule.
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2007 02:56 GMT
Opponents of Musharraf have faced a harsh 
crackdown under the emergency law [AFP]
The US deputy secretary of state has said that he has urged Pakistan's president to end emergency rule in the country.
 
John Negroponte, who met Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad on Saturday, said in a news conference on Sunday that: "Emergency rule is not compatible with free, fair and credible elections".
Several judges, including the chief justice, have been sacked from Pakistan's supreme court and hundreds of political opponents have been detained since emergency rule was imposed two weeks ago.
 
 

Al Jazeera's James Bays said that if anyone was going to sway General Musharraf, it would have been Negroponte, the most senior diplomat to visit Pakistan since emergency rule began.

 

He said that America had a lot of influence in Pakistan, having donated a total of $11 billion since the September 11 attacks in the US in 2001.

 

Special report

"Musharraf is still saying he needs the state of emergency because of the security situation…still making the case that it can guarantee free and fair elections," Bays said.

 

Earlier, diplomats had confirmed that Negroponte would appeal to Musharraf to call off the emergency with immediate effect, to quit the army, hold elections on time, lift media restrictions and release political prisoners.
 
Negroponte also met General Ashfaq Kiyani, Pakistan's deputy army chief of staff, who will become military chief if Musharraf steps down as army leader.

Swat valley clashes

Musharraf has said that the emergency order was imposed to combat armed groups in Pakistan linked to al-Qaeda and the Taliban.

He is under pressure due to the Pakistani army's losses in recent fighting with pro-Taliban fighters in the Swat valley region.

Bays said that the US is concerned about the gains the pro-Taliban fighters have made particularly in the Swat Valley.

 
The Pakistan army said on Saturday that it had killed up to 40 fighters in the area but forces loyal to Maalana Fazlullah, a Muslim religious leader, have captured several villages, police stations and government buildings.

Washington has granted $10bn in aid to Pakistan since 2001, when Musharraf pledged support to the US-led "war on terror".

Nuclear assets

Musharraf has told BBC that Pakistan's nuclear weapons will not be allowed to fall into the wrong hands while the military is in control of them.

In an interview, aired on Saturday, he said said that if elections were held in a "disturbed environment", it could bring in dangerous elements who might endanger Pakistan's "strategic assets".

Musharraf said: "They [the nuclear weapons] cannot fall into the wrong hands, if we manage ourselves politically. The military is there - as long as the military is there, nothing happens to the strategic assets, we are in charge and nobody does anything with them."

Bhutto talks

Shortly after he arrived on Friday evening, Negroponte spoke to Benazir Bhutto, leader of the opposition Pakistan People's Party (PPP), by telephone.

Bhutto says she will not work under Musharraf's
rule, whether he quits the army or not [AFP]
She had been freed from house arrest in Lahore hours earlier, before Musharraf swore in an interim prime minister and cabinet.

Musharraf has pledged to hold elections by January 9 but has indicated that electioneering will be held under emergency rule.

The decision to maintain emergency and suspend the constitution has angered opposition leaders who say their campaigns cannot be run effectively under the restrictions.

Bhutto has rejected the interim government and is in talks with other opposition leaders in an effort to form a united front to force Musharraf from office.

Washington had supported a mooted power-sharing deal between Bhutto and Musharraf but the PPP leader put an end to talks this week, saying she would never ally herself to the president.

Channels shut

In another development on Saturday, media authorities in Dubai said they were considering whether to allow Geo and ARY One World, two leading private Pakistani news channels, to resume broadcasting after shutting them down the day before.

Both channels went off air at 1am local time (0800 GMT) on Saturday.

"We are in contact with them ... to see if there is a possibility  to (allow them to) resume" broadcasting, Amina Rustamani, head of Dubai's media watchdog, told AFP.

The channels, ordered off air during emergency rule, said they had been forced to close down altogether after being ordered to halt transmissions via the UAE, a federation of seven emirates including Dubai.

Geo and ARY One World both have offices and studios in Dubai Media City, from where they broadcast news.

Source:
Al Jazeera and Agencies
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