[QODLink]
Central & South Asia
Nepal celebrates peace deal
Public holiday declared after government and communist rebels sign agreement.
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2006 12:09 GMT

Girija Prasad Koirala, left, and
Prachanda signed the accord


Nepal declared Wednesday a public holiday after the government and communist rebels signed a peace agreement to end more than 10 years of civil war that has killed thousands.
 
Schools, offices and business shut. Small rallies took place in the morning and more were expected later in the day.
The rebels, who are 35,000 strong and control large swaths of Nepal’s countryside, have agreed to lock up their arms and join an interim government.
The deal was signed by Girija Prasad Koirala, the prime minister, and Prachanda, the leader of the Maoist rebels, at a Kathmandu convention hall filled with cheering officials, dignitaries and foreign diplomats.
 
Prachanda said he was optimistic that peace could be achieved but that it was important to incorporate the rebels into the state army.
 
The signing was applauded internationally, with the US embassy in Nepal saying it hoped the accord would put Nepal "on the path of lasting peace and democracy", and pledging its full support.
 
Under the deal the rebels will join the parliament by November 26 and get 73 of its 330 seats. Both sides agree to uphold all international human rights and civil liberties.
 
The king will be stripped of political rights, and his property will be nationalised under public trusts. The deal also includes strong punitive policy against corruption; property earned illegally can be confiscated.
 
More than 13,000 people have been killed in the conflict that has centered on the Maoists' opposition to Nepal's 200-year-old monarchy.
 

Nepalese boys celebrate the
signing of the peace agreement 
  

King Gyanendra discharged Nepal's elected politicians and took control of the country last year.
 
In April rebels teamed up with Nepal's largest political parties to back mass protests against the king, which helped bring the government back to power — though not before 21 people were killed and thousands were injured.
 
A high level panel this week concluded that the king had used excessive force against the pro-democracy demonstrators.
 
One of the Maoists' top demands has been the holding of elections to decide whether Nepal will remain a monarchy. The peace deal addresses those concerns; the interim government will organise elections next year to determine the fate of the monarchy.
 
A ceasefire between the two sides has been observed for six months, but human rights groups have accuse the rebels of continuing to recruit in the countryside, a charge the rebels deny.
 
A joint-UN team on Monday headed to Chulachuli, Ilam, to investigate the allegations.
Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
Your chance to be an investigative journalist in Al Jazeera’s new interactive game.
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Featured
Indonesia's cassava plantations are being killed by mealybugs, and thousands of wasps have been released to stop them.
Violence in Ain al-Arab has prompted many Kurdish Syrians to flee to Turkey, but others are returning to battle ISIL.
Unelected representatives quietly iron out logistics of massive TPP and TTIP deals among US, Europe, and Asia-Pacific.
Led by students concerned for their future with 'nothing to lose', it remains to be seen who will blink first.
Taipei has sided with Hong Kong's pro-democracy protesters as relations with Beijing continue downward spiral.