Wen Jiabao, the Chinese premier, has praised his country's economic growth but some minorities are complaining that they are not seeing the benefits.
This is fuelling ethnic tensions, already rife in Xinjiang, a growing centre of trade.
Al Jazeera's Melissa Chan has the first in our special series, Xinjiang: The far west.
This episode looks at the disparities between the representation of Uighurs as compared to Han Chinese at the country's first Eurasia Expo in Urumqi.
Source: Al Jazeera