Typhoon Mirinae has made landfall in eastern Philippines, and is approaching Manila, the capital.
Officials said on Friday that thousands of people have been evacuated from Manila in expectation of the advance of the fourth typhoon to hit the country in the last two months.
Areas of the capital with more than a million residents remain flooded from the recent storms, in which more than 1,000 people died.
Typhoon Mirinae, a category two typhoon with winds of up to 185kms an hour , is expected to bring heavy showers.
"Considering our land is already saturated with water, it may cause flooding in some areas. It is hard to tell if there will be floods but we are preparing for the worst," Ernesto Torres, a civil defence spokesman, said.
Torres added that residents in the typhoon's path have been told to stock emergency provisions to last 72 hours.
Valerie Lewin, from Oxfam in the Philippines, told Al Jazeera that at least 155,000 people have been affected by the typhoon.
"The government has been quite well prepared [having learned from previous typhoons]," she said, "There has been a lot of preemptive evacuation.
"[However] a lot of people went back to the evacuation centre, and we are concerned about the hygiene of the centre at the moment.
"We are faced with some relocation sites that are definitely not appropriate for us to provide basic services."
'We need help'
The coastguard grounded 45 ferries in key ports on Luzon, stranding thousands of people returning to provinces for All Saints' Day, when many in the largely Roman Catholic country mark the deaths of relatives.
One river in Laguna province south of Manila overflowed, flooding most of lakeside Santa Cruz town and sending residents clambering onto roofs to escape rising waters, said Ariel Magcalas, the town's mayor.
"We cannot move, this is no joke ... The water is high. We need help," he said in a public address via Radio DZBB.
Rescue teams were dispatched to the flooded communities but were having difficulty moving in light trucks, said regional disaster officer Fred Bragas.
"As of now, our efforts are concentrated on rescue and evacuation," he said.
There were no immediate reports of casualties.
The storm was projected to veer away from the Philippines in the direction of
Vietnam by late Saturday.
Two typhoons in the last two months have killed more than 900 people in the Philippines.