Scores dead after Pacific tsunami
Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga count the cost after giant waves batter coasts.
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2009 17:08 GMT

Villages were swept away as waves
up to 7.5 metres high hit the islands [AFP]

Samoa, American Samoa and Tonga are still struggling to establish the full cost of an earthquake and subsequent tsunamis which battered the Pacific Ocean islands.

More than 100 people are believed to have died across the islands as waves up to 7.5m high swept several kilometres inland wiping out entire villages.

But officials have warned that the toll could to rise as remote areas are reached and communication links are restored.

Ausegalia Mulipola, the assistant chief executive of Samoa's disaster management office, said on Wednesday that the number of dead in his country alone could top 100 people.

"They are still continuing the searches for any missing bodies in the area," Mulipola said, adding that the southern side of the country's main island, Upolu, was the worst hit.

"Some areas have been flattened and the tsunami had brought a lot of sand onshore, so there have been reports the sand has covered some of the bodies. So we need specialised machines to search for bodies that are buried under the sand."

Samoa 'shocked beyond belief'

Jason Smith, the head of communications for the International Federation of the Red Cross, told Al Jazeera: "Across Samoa, 60 villages, nearly 15,000 people have been directly impacted.

Send your pictures

Send us your videos, pictures and comments
"The Samoa Red Cross is working hard through five evacuation centres to provide people with safe places to stay and access to clean water."

Tuilaepa Sailele Malielegaoi, Samoa's prime minister, said he was "shocked beyond belief".

"So much has gone. So many people are gone," he told the Australian news agency AAP. "I'm so shocked, so saddened by all the loss."

Amateur video footage showed villages that had been obliterated, homes reduced to splinters of metal and wood, while cars were stuck in the wreckage of buildings and treetops.

American Samoa 'devastated'

At least 22 people have been confirmed dead in American Samoa, about 100km east of Samoa, but that number was widely expected to rise. 

In video

Extensive damage was reported in American Samoa's capital, Pago Pago

Michael Sala, the homeland security director in American Samoa, said the number of dead "could go much higher" and that "it could take a week or so before we know the full extent".

Witnesses said cars were swept out to sea and buildings were destroyed in what the US territory's delegate to congress said was a scene of "devastation".

The eastern part of the island was left without power and water supplies.

Barack Obama, the US president, vowed to help survivors in the faraway territory.

"I am closely monitoring these tragic events, and have declared a major disaster for American Samoa, which will provide the tools necessary for a full, swift and aggressive response," he said.

Tongan villages 'destroyed'

In Tonga, south of the Samoan islands, at least seven people were confirmed dead and three missing after tsunamis caused "serious damage" to the northern island of Niuatoputapu.

"According to information gathered from Niuatoputapu so far, seven people are confirmed dead, three missing and four with very serious injuries," Lord Tuita, the acting prime minister, said in a statement.

"It is reported that the tsunami did serious damage to the village of Hihifo, which is like the capital of the island."

"The hospital on the island is reported to have suffered major damage; telephone communication has been cut as a result of damage to equipment and facilities on the island; homes and government buildings have been destroyed."

Government officials chartered a plane to assess the damage but were unable to land on the island, which was reportedly hit by four-metre-high waves destroying up to five per cent of its buildings.

Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Nearly half of Canadians have suffered inappropriate advances on the job - and the political arena is no exception.
Women's rights activists are demanding change after Hanna Lalango, 16, was gang-raped on a bus and left for dead.
Buried in Sweden's northern forest, Sorsele has welcomed many unaccompanied kids who help stabilise a town exodus.
A look at the changing face of North Korea, three years after the death of 'Dear Leader'.
While some fear a Muslim backlash after café killings, solidarity instead appears to be the order of the day.
Victims spared by the deadly disease are reporting blindness and other unexpected post-Ebola health issues.