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China plans new terracotta army dig
Archaeologists hope to reveal more of the thousands of statues still buried.
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2009 08:24 GMT
The terracotta army is one of China's most prized archaeological treasures [GALLO/GETTY]

Chinese archaeologists are set to begin a fresh round of excavations at the site of the ancient terracotta warriors, hoping to uncover more secrets of China's first emperor.

The warriors were produced more than 2,200 years ago to guard the tomb of Qin Shihuang, the first ruler of a united China.

About 1,000 warriors have already been excavated – all with unique features - but archaeologists believe the tomb may contain up to 8,000 life-sized figure.

According to the China Daily newspaper scientists will use special techniques in an effort to preserve the figures' painted details, which have decayed almost entirely in those already exposed to the air.

The army was originally painted in bright colours.

Emperor Qin's terracotta army



 Built to guard the tomb of China's first emperor Qin Shihuang, who died in 210BC

 Tomb discovered by peasants digging a well near city of Xian in 1974

 More than 8,000 warriors are thought to guard the tomb

 To date 1,000 have been excavated, most have had to be pieced back together

 Warriors include archers, infantrymen, charioteers and horses as well as generals

The new dig will be the third since the tomb was first uncovered by accident in 1974 by peasants digging a well outside the western city of Xi'an.

The excavations will focus on a 2,000m square patch lying within the tomb's main pit that holds the main warrior force.

It is thought the terracotta army was produced to protect the emperor in the afterlife.

Qin, who died in 210BC aged 50, created China's first unitary state by conquering rival kingdoms.

To control his empire he built an extensive system of roads and canals, while unifying standards of measurement and establishing a single written language and currency.

He ruled China with an iron first, wiping out anyone he believed would challenge his rule, and was obsessed with immortality.

His mausoleum under an artificial hill close to the site of the terracotta army has never been excavated.

The chamber containing the emperor's body is rumoured to be protected by elaborate booby traps and contain a model of his empire complete with seas and rivers flowing with mercury.

Most of the designers and construction workers involved in building the tomb are thought to have been buried alive with the emperor to protect the structure's secrets.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
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