Another attack took place on the road leading to the old Don Muang airport on Wednesday, around the area where anti-government protesters shot at opponents in violent clashes a day earlier, our correspondent said.

Thousands of passengers have been stranded at Bangkok's Suvarnabhumi airport [EPA]
Petpong Kamchornkitkarn, an emergency medical services official, told the AFP news agency that two people were also wounded in the Don Muang blast.

Somchai Wongsawat, the Thai prime minister, and his cabinet set up temporary offices at the old airport after the grounds of Government House in central Bangkok were occupied by protesters in August.

The airport protests, involving about 8,000 demonstrators, according to police, are part of a campaign by the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD), a loose alliance of royalists, academics and businessmen, to unseat Somchai, who is expected to return on Wednesday from a summit of Apec leaders in Peru.

But he is now expected to use another airport or arrive on a military flight to avoid the disruption in the capital.

"Our goal is to shut down Suvaranbhumi airport until Somchai quits," Parnthep Pourpongpan, a spokesman for the PAD, said.

Norman Hermant, a journalist monitoring events at the airport, told Al Jazeera that more and more PAD protesters were arriving by the minute.

He said the protesters had set up stage and were distributing water, acquiring "a degree of permanence very quickly so disassembling this and moving people on is going to be a challenge".

Martial law

Key facts: The PAD

Group is a loose coalition of royalists, businessmen and urban middle class -Thailand's traditional elite.

PAD led protests that triggered 2006 coup against the then PM, Thaksin Shinawatra.

Supporters wear yellow shirts, a colour associated with Thailand's revered king.

Group accuses Thaksin supporters of pushing to turn Thailand into a republic, an allegation rejected by Thaksin.

Critics say PAD's contempt for results of three democratic elections show it is neither popular nor democratic.

Click here for more on the PAD

Larry Jagan, a journalist and commentator based in Bangkok, told Al Jazeera that Somchai "cannot allow the demonstrations to continue to close probably the most important airport in the region".

"So I think he is going to have to act and the possibility is that he will call a state of emergency, declare martial law, so that the authorities can deal more effectively with the protesters," he said, adding that the key issue was whether the military would step in.

The military refused to enter the fray when the former prime minister, Samak Sundaravej, declared an emergency in September and it has made it clear that there will be no coup.

But with pictures of the airport siege being broadcast internationally that could be devastating for tourism and foreign investment, and "the army may feel that they are obliged to move if a state of emergency is called", Jagan said.

"The politics of the future of Thailand is at stake," he said.

"What we're seeing is a battle between the traditional elites who want to return to something like a paternal democracy and the new middle classes under Thaksin [Shinawatra], the former prime minister, who really want to open up Thailand and see a global presence for the country."

Analysts also say the airport siege - the PAD's most disruptive act so far on the heels of its blockade of parliament on Monday - could undermine public support for a movement that appears to be going to ever greater extremes to provoke a violent government backlash.

Norm Hermant, a journalist in Bangkok, told Al Jazeera that the PAD protestors "have not been able to create enough pressure to force the government to resign or force the army to step in. Meanwhile their numbers have been continually declining".

"So they have been trying to push for what they call this final showdown.

"But numbers yesterday showed that it wasn't a final showdown. They didn't get anywhere near the one hundred thousand people they were promoting that they would get."

'Final battle'

Scores of people have been injured in clashes between demonstrators and government supporters this week.

Television footage showed PAD security guards firing handguns at opponents [AFP]

Television footage showed two security guards from the PAD firing handguns at opponents on a major road in north Bangkok on Tuesday.

But riot police have largely refused to intervene, fearing a repeat of clashes between protesters and police on October 7 that left two people dead and 500 injured, the worst political violence in Thailand for 16 years.

PAD leaders have called the latest protests the "final battle" in their six-month campaign to unseat the People Power party (PPP), which has close ties to Thaksin, the exiled former prime minister who was ousted from power in a 2006 coup.

The PAD accuses the government elected in December last year of being tainted by corruption and of being Thaksin's puppet.

Somchai, who is Thaksin's brother-in-law, has rejected calls to step down as prime minister.

The ongoing political crisis has stymied government decision-making and undermined investor confidence in Thailand's economy.

And fears are rising that the airport siege will do massive damage to its $15bn tourism industry still reeling from similar but smaller incidents in August when PAD protesters occupied the airports at popular beach destinations Krabi and Phuket.