Abdullah sworn in as Malaysia PM

Malaysian leader rejects calls to stand down after heavy election losses.

    Abdullah refused to resign saying he had
    the backing of coalition leaders [Reuters]

    The loss of seats also broke the BN's hold on two-thirds of the parliamentary majority which enabled to amend the constitution without debate.

     

    On Monday, Malaysian stocks dived six per cent to a seven-month low with the ringgit also falling as the market reacted to the political uncertainty following the coalition's heaviest election losses in 50 years.

     

    'No pressure'

     

    Seats won versus previous election

       2008     

    2004

    Barisan Nasional

        140

    198

    Umno

         79

    109

    MCA

         15

     31

    MIC

          3

     9

    Gerakan

          2

    10

    Others

        41

    39

    Opposition

        82

    20

    PAS

        23

     7

    DAP

        28

    12

    Keadilan

        31

     1

    Earlier Abdullah had said he did not have to step down because he still had strong support from BN party leaders.

     

    "I will not resign because there is no pressure," he was quoted as saying by national news agency, Bernama, on Sunday.

     

    Abdullah, president of the United Malays National Organisation (Umno), is expected to meet his party leaders in a special session later on Monday.

     

    Umno is the main coalition partner in the BN stable of 14 ethnic-based component parties.

     

    The coalition also lost a number of senior leaders and cabinet ministers to the opposition Democratic Action Party (DAP), Islam-based PAS and Keadilan, which has close ties to former deputy prime minister, Anwar Ibrahim.

     

    Aside from parliamentary losses, the BN lost control in five of Malaysia's 13 states including Penang, Abdullah's home state, and Kedah, the home state of his predecessor, Mahathir Mohamad, who was prime minister for 22 years.

     

    Penang, which was ruled by Gerakan, the fourth biggest coalition partner, for nearly 40 years, fell to the DAP, while Perak, Kedah and Selangor are now under opposition rule.

     

    Backlash

     

    "A weak government in a multiracial country will find great difficulty in running the country"

    Mahathir Mohamad, former PM

    Among the major upsets was the defeat of S Samy Vellu, president of the Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC), in the Sungai Siput constituency which he has held since 1974.

     

    Samy Vellu, the longest-serving cabinet minister, reportedly made a hasty retreat as the final results were announced, saying only "Goodbye" to reporters.

     

    His defeat, and the slashing of the MIC's parliamentary presence from nine to three seats, was seen as part of a backlash by ethnic Indian voters following recent high-profile protests against alleged racial discrimination.

     

    Popular bloggers, Jeff Ooi and Tony Pua, who contested in the elections for the first time won seats in parliament, posting big margins against more senior BN candidates.

     

    Both men stood as candidates for the DAP.

     

    Mahathir, who stood down in 2003 in favour of
    Abdullah, urged his successor to quit [Reuters]

    In 2004, Abdullah, widely known to supporters as "Pak Lah", led the BN to a record win, scoring nearly 64 per cent of the popular vote and just over 90 per cent of seats in parliament.

     

    Calling on his successor to stand down following Saturday's vote, Mahathir, said Abdullah should take 100 per cent responsibility for the coalition's disastrous election showing.

     

    The former prime minister said he had "apparently made the wrong choice" in choosing Abdullah to succeed him, accusing his successor for destroying the BN.

     

    "It's shocking," Mahathir said on Sunday.

     

    In depth

    Video
    Setback for ruling coalition

    Q&A
    Malaysia polls

    Timeline
    1998-2008

     

    "We have now a very weak government, and a weak government in a multiracial country will find great difficulty in running the country."

     

    Mahathir, who stood down in 2003, has been increasingly critical of Abdullah in recent years, accusing him of turning a blind eye to corruption, nepotism, and weak leadership.

     

    BN leaders however sought to show a united stance, expressing their full support for Abdullah to continue leading the coalition and country.

     

    "The prime minister has a full mandate. He will appoint a new cabinet," Ahmad Zahid Hamidi, the deputy information minister, told The Associated Press.

     

    "There is no one person to blame for what happened. We all are taking the collective responsibility."

    SOURCE: Agencies


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