Colombia's leftist rebel group FARC has for the first time accepted partial responsibility for the thousands of victims of the country’s nearly 50-year-old conflict while suggesting creation of a truth commission.
The acknowledgment came on Tuesday in a statement read out by a top FARC negotiator on the sidelines of peace negotiations in Havana between the rebel group and the government of President Juan Manuel Santos.
“Without a doubt, there has also been cruelty and pain provoked by our forces,” said the negotiator, Pablo Catatumbo.
“Still, we must recognise the need to approach the issue of victims, their identification and reparations with complete loyalty to the cause of peace and reconciliation,” he added.
The acknowledgement that the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, bears partial responsibility for the bloodshed comes nearly a month after Santos publicly admitted that the Colombian state was responsible for “serious violations” of human rights during the conflict.
The statement was seen as marking a significant step forward in the peace process, which has been under way since November.
Without a doubt, there has also been cruelty and pain provoked by our forces.
Colombia's constitutional court is expected to rule soon on a proposed legal framework for dealing with issues of accountability during a transition to peace.
Catatumbo called anew for the creation of an international “truth” commission to investigate the “fratricidal conflict” in Colombia.
“This commission in our opinion should be formed immediately,” he said, calling on “the entire country to hold a day of reflection and contrition”.
A government commission last month estimated that about 220,000 people have lost their lives in Latin America's oldest armed conflict. Other estimates rise as high as 600,000.
Al Jazeera's Teresa Bo, reporting from Arauca, Colombia, said: “The FARC is seeking a ceasefire from the government, which has continued its operations and even recently shot dead two key rebel leaders.
"However, the government is optimistic that it will have an agreement with FARC before the end of this year.”
The peace talks in Havana have yet to take up the issue of reparations for the victims. Other pending agenda issues are the laying down of arms and drug trafficking.
The two sides currently are discussing the question of the FARC's participation in politics, and in May negotiators reached a consensus on the complex issue of land holdings.
Formed in the 1960s, the FARC is the oldest active guerrilla group in the Western Hemisphere and it is believed to have about 8,000 armed fighters.
Source: Al Jazeera and agencies