An elderly nun and two other peace activists have been convicted by a US federal jury for damage they caused after they broke into a defence facility where enriched uranium used in nuclear bombs was stored.
Sister Megan Rice, who was 82 at the time of the incident, Michael Walli and Greg Boertje-Obed admitted cutting fences and making their way across the Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, in July 2012, embarrassing US officials and prompting security changes.
Rice stood up straight and smiled when the verdict was read after two-and-a-half hours of jury deliberation.
Supporters of the three gasped and some began to cry before singing a hymn as the judge left the courtroom.
All three were convicted of damaging a national defence premises under the sabotage act, which carries a prison sentence of up to 20 years, and of causing more than $1,000 of damage to US government property, which is punishable by up to 10 years in prison.
They were detained overnight and will appear at a detention hearing on Thursday.
The activists admitted cutting several fences, walking through the complex for hours, spray-painting slogans and hammering on the walls of the facility.
When guard Kirk Garland confronted them, they offered him food and began singing.
Damage cost overstated
Our country is not threatened by three people who get senior discounts walking onto their (base)
Defence attorneys said the activists, who belong to a group called Transform Now Plowshares, had taken part in a symbolic break-in that did not harm the facility.
They had no intent to harm the facility and the damage cost, placed at more than $8,500 by the prosecution, was overstated, they said.
"Our country is not threatened by three people who get senior discounts walking onto their (base)," Walli's attorney, William Quigley, told jurors in a closing argument on Wednesday.
Prosecutors contended that the break-in at Y-12, the primary US site for processing and storage of enriched uranium, disrupted operations, endangered US national security and caused physical damage to the facility.
They described the site as the "Fort Knox" of US nuclear installations.
Walli was 63 and Boertje-Obed 57 at the time.
In closing, Boertje-Obed said the defendants had "exposed that the emperor does not have real security. Nuclear weapons do not provide security ... our actions were providing real security and exposing false security."
He had testified on Wednesday that it was "a miracle" that the activists could walk from a church parking lot over a ridge and reach the building deep inside the facility grounds.
Janice Sevre-Duszynska, a member of the Association of Roman Catholic Women Priests who attended the trial to support Rice, said the activists were "challenging unjust, inhumane and immoral behaviour filled with insatiable insecurity and greed."
"My hope is that the people wake up to the freedoms being taken away in the name of so-called security as well as to the egregious waste of their hard-earned taxpayers' money," she said in a statement.
The breach sparked investigations by the US Congress and the Energy Department, which oversees nuclear facilities.
An Energy Department inspector general report in August found "troubling displays of ineptitude" at the complex.
Shortly after the incident, the top security official at the National Nuclear Security Agency and two other federal officials were reassigned.
Thomas D'Agostino, then the security agency administrator, said staff involved in the incident had been removed, cameras fixed, and patrolling and training improved.