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G20 leaders scramble to boost global growth
Final day of summit focuses on reviving economies, restoring confidence and pulling eurozone from brink of disaster.
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2012 18:25
Protesters stand near the word "G20" formed from sawdust during a Mexico City rally against the summit [Reuters]

The leaders of the world's major economies embarked on the final day of the G20 summit determined to kickstart growth and pull the eurozone back from the brink of disaster.

European members gathered on Tuesday were under extraordinary pressure from their international counterparts to loosen their austerity programs and to allow the European Central Bank to open the lending floodgates.

Germany's Angela Merkel, the driving force behind the eurozone's austere determination to privilege deficit busting over stimulus spending, has publicly stood her ground, although US officials say her position is softening.

A draft version of the G20 final statement, which was to be finalized and published by the leaders on Tuesday, suggested that a form of words would be found that would commit the leaders to a pro-growth agenda.

"All G20 members will take the necessary actions to strengthen global growth and restore confidence," it said, vowing that eurozone members would safeguard the stability of the single currency in the face of volatile markets.

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The leaders of the world's major economies embarked on the final day of the G20 summit determined to kickstart growth and pull the eurozone back from the brink of disaster.

European members were under extraordinary pressure from their international counterparts to loosen the straitjacket of their austerity programs and to allow the European Central Bank to open the lending floodgates.

Beyond the summit conference centre in the Mexican resort of Los Cabos on Tuesday, bond markets jacked up rates on Spanish and Italian debt amid self-fulfilling fears that the debt crisis that sank Greece was spreading once again.

Germany softens stance

Germany's Angela Merkel remains the driving force behind the eurozone's austere determination to privilege deficit busting over stimulus spending, although US officials say her position is softening.

"Discussion here has been balanced: we need the right mix of consolidation and growth stimulus at the same time," Merkel told reporters on Tuesday, saying the previous night's showpiece dinner had been a "very frank and honest exchange."

A draft version of the G20 final statement, which was to be finalised and published by the leaders on Tuesday, suggested that a formulation would be found that would commit the leaders to a pro-growth agenda.

"All G20 members will take the necessary actions to strengthen global growth and restore confidence," it said, vowing that eurozone members would safeguard the stability of the single currency in the face of volatile markets.

The version seen by the AFP news agency allowed no hint that Merkel or her allies might crumble and allow the ECB to pump out cash or to pool German debt with that of the weaker eurozone members in order to create low-interest eurobonds.

But it opened up the possibility of more lending and spending if the European economy continues to struggle.

"Should economic conditions deteriorate significantly further, those countries with sufficient fiscal space stand ready to coordinate and implement discretionary fiscal actions to support domestic demand," the draft reads.

Emphasis on growth

There was also an indication that Merkel was coming round to the idea of a more integrated EU banking system that would allow joint supervision and a unified system to pay back depositors in any failing institutions.

"We do expect in the communique that they are going to call for more focus on growth and less on austerity," Al Jazeera's Patty Culhane reported from Los Cabos.

"We support the intention to consider concrete steps towards a more integrated financial architecture, encompassing banking supervision, resolution and recapitalisation, and deposit insurance," the draft statement said.

"Markets expect that we work together more closely," Merkel told reporters on Tuesday morning, without specifically mentioning unifying the banking system.

EU Commission chairman Jose Manuel Barroso bristled at hostile questioning over why his rich continent needed so much support from abroad, declaring: "We are certainly not coming here to receive lessons from nobody."

Barack Obama, the US president, cancelled a planned meeting with European G20 members after the official dinner hosted by Felipe Calderon, the Mexican president, ran long.

"Everything that could have been said at the Obama meeting had been said at dinner, so we were done with the topic," Merkel said.

Obama called for Greece to be given more time to get its affairs in order, after parties committed to honouring the terms of its bailout agreement won a majority of seats in Sunday's parliamentary election.

But Merkel - fast becoming a hate figure among Greeks - remained unmoved.

"Elections cannot call into question the commitments Greece made. We cannot compromise on the reform steps we agreed on," she told reporters on Monday.

Progress was made in Los Cabos in boosting the resources available to the International Monetary Fund to help protect vulnerable countries from the backwash of the eurozone crisis.

IMF chief Christine Lagarde thanked emerging powers, led by China, for pledging enough to bring her pool for emergency loans up to $456 billion (361 billion euros) in exchange for a greater say in Fund affairs.

In addition to summit sessions, the leaders were to hold a series of side meetings on Tuesday, notably a two-way between Obama and Chinese President Hu Jintao, and a possible reschedule of the cancelled US-EU talks.

The summit was due to draw to a close with a ceremony at 2330 GMT, after which Calderon was to address the press.

Next year's G20 summit will be held September 5-6 in Saint Petersburg, Russia.

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Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
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