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Mexico gears up for tight election
New poll shows that support for Mexican presidential frontrunner rapidly plummets as discontent grows in Mexico.
Last Modified: 31 May 2012 22:01
The turnaround in Pena Nieto's fortunes has sent shockwaves through markets in Mexico [AFP]

Mexico's presidential candidate Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has reduced the gap on front-runner Enrique Pena Nieto to just four percentage points according to a new poll, raising doubts about the outcome of the July 1 election.

The latest voter survey by newspaper Reforma published on Thursday showed support for 2006 runner-up Lopez Obrador at 34 per cent, up seven points from a previous poll last month.

Pena Nieto, candidate of the opposition Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which ruled Mexico for most of the 20th century, dropped four points to 38 per cent, his worst showing since the campaign formally began at the end of March.

The turnaround in Pena Nieto's fortunes sent a shiver through markets in Mexico, reflecting uncertainty about how strong the next government would be, and echoing fears that surfaced during Lopez Obrador's tilt for the presidency in 2006.

Pena Nieto has held a big lead in most polls, but has come under pressure in the last two weeks with thousands of people taking to Mexico City's streets to protest against him and the PRI.

Organisers have called for more marches in coming weeks.

"The variations in support reflect a month of campaign that witnessed the mobilization of students for information and against Enrique Pena, and the rise of corruption on the public agenda," Reforma pollster Alejandro Moreno said in the paper.

Closer race
 
The new Reforma poll was taken between May 24 and 27, after the big protest on May 19. It showed Josefina Vazquez Mota of the conservative National Action Party, or PAN, that has governed Mexico since 2000, dropping six points to 23 per cent.

The latest survey showed the race to be much closer than other recent polls.

One conducted by polling firm Consulta Mitofsky between May 25 and 27 gave Pena Nieto a lead of 17.5 percentage points after stripping out undecided voters.

Lopez Obrador lost the 2006 election by less than a percentage point and he contested the results, declaring himself the rightful president of Mexico and staging months of disruptive street protests that choked the capital.

In this campaign, he has taken a more moderate tone but he had been struggling to win back former supporters who were put off by his refusal to accept defeat in 2006.

Lately, though, he has been able to capitalize on the growing youth movement against Pena Nieto and the PRI, whose 71-year rule was tainted by corruption and authoritarianism.

"Pena is losing steam," Lopez Obrador said after seeing the poll. "He is the candidate of the media, not of the people."

Many of the protests against Pena Nieto have also criticized Mexico's largest broadcaster Televisa, with detractors saying it has propped up the telegenic former state governor's campaign.

Allegations that Tomas Yarrington, a former PRI governor in northern Mexico, took money from drug gangs, have also dogged Pena Nieto's presidential bid in recent weeks.

If the next batch of polls show a similar surge for Lopez Obrador, Mexico will face a tense final month of campaigning.

Difficult to predict 
 
"I don't think there is any doubt in anyone's mind that Pena Nieto is going to win in the end," said Patricia Berry, an analyst at Mexico City brokerage Intercam.

However, others fear that if Pena Nieto is weakened it could hurt his ability to carry out reforms to Mexico's economy.
 
The PRI are hoping to win a majority in Mexico's congress and Pena Nieto promised to open up the energy sector to private investment, widen the tax base and liberalize the labor market.

"Basically the fear is that Pena Nieto won't get a clear mandate and there won't be reforms," said Pedro Tuesta, an analyst on Latin America for 4Cast in Washington.

Lopez Obrador, who opposes the PRI's planned energy reform, has taken a different tack to Pena Nieto on many issues.

He plans to raise taxes for foreign mining companies in Mexico and
aims to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement. 

His strongest support is in the center and south of the country, where his message of fighting poverty is popular.  

For its latest poll, Reforma surveyed 1,515 people with a margin of error of 2.9 percentage points.

760

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