|Bahrain has long been a key US ally in the Gulf region, and hosts the headquarters of the US Fifth Fleet [AFP]
Barack Obama, the US president, has met the crown prince of Bahrain, as Washington backed the Sunni royal family's national dialogue to ease the political crisis in the Shia majority kingdom.
Obama dropped by a meeting between Crown Prince Salman bin Hamad al-Khalifa and Tom Donilon, US national security adviser, on Tuesday, in a White House protocol mechanism used to allow the president to meet lower level officials.
Officials said Obama reaffirmed the strong US commitment to Bahrain and welcomed King Hamad's plan to end a "state of national safety" and the announcement that the national dialogue on reform would begin in July.
"He [Obama] also expressed strong support for the crown prince's ongoing efforts to initiate the national dialogue and said that both the opposition and the government must compromise to forge a just future for all Bahrainis," a White House statement said.
"To create the conditions for a successful dialogue, the president emphasised the importance of following through on the government's commitment to ensuring that those responsible for human rights abuses will be held accountable."
US fifth fleet
Obama's meeting with the crown prince came shortly after Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the Iranian president, said that Tehran had a plan for Bahrain and said the main problem was the presence there of the US Fifth Fleet.
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Predominantly Shia Iran harshly condemned the crackdown in Bahrain, which in turn accused Tehran of meddling and fanning confessional unrest.
Earlier, the Bahraini crown prince, viewed by US officials as a key player in efforts to mitigate the political crisis, met Hillary Clinton, US secretary of state, to discuss King Hamad's plan for a national dialogue.
"It is very significant to have these discussions to hear directly from the crown prince [about] the plan that Bahrain is pursuing," Clinton told reporters.
"Bahrain is a partner and a very important one to the United States and we are supportive of their national dialogue and the kinds of important work that the crown prince has been doing in his nation, and we look forward to it continuing."
'Committed to reform'
The crown prince said that it was a "great pleasure" to be in Washington during a "challenging time" for the kingdom.
"We are committed to reform in both political and economic spheres," he said.
Oil-rich Bahrain has long been a key US ally in the Gulf region, and hosts the headquarters of the US Fifth Fleet.
But a brutal crackdown by security forces against the Shia protesters earlier this year put Washington in a tough spot.
The Obama administration also appeared surprised when a Gulf Co-operation Council force led by its ally Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates entered Bahrain in March, after a month of anti-government protests.
On June 1, Bahrain lifted the state of emergency it imposed in mid-March during the crackdown on pro-democracy Shia-led street demonstrations, which erupted a month earlier.
But Bahrain's royal family, drawn from its Sunni minority, has not called for a withdrawal of the Arab troops from neighbouring Gulf states who were brought in to help deal with the unrest.