Video shows 'US attack' on Iraqis
WikiLeaks footage believed to show US military shooting on crowded Baghdad square in 2007.
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2010 03:10 GMT

One of the internet's biggest sources of classified government information has released video of what it says is a US helicopter firing at civilians in Iraq.

WikiLeaks, a website that publishes anonymously sourced documents,released what it called previously unseen footage on Monday.

It said the footage filmed from a helicopter cockpit shows a missile strike and shooting on a crowded square in a Baghdad neighbourhood in July 2007.

The website said 12 civilians were killed in the attack, including two journalists, Namir Nour El Deen and Saeed Chmagh, who worked for the Reuters news agency.

The two men appear to survive the first strike and attempt to get away, but the helicopter returns a second and third time.

Probes clear soldiers

The Pentagon has not officially commented on the video and Al Jazeera's Patty Culhane, reporting from Washington, said military officials seemed "completely surprised" when informed of the release of the tape, and appeared not to have heard about the footage beforehand.

in depth

  'Collateral murder': Watch the full video
  Blog: WikiLeaks vs the Pentagon
  Listening Post: WikiLeaks

Al Jazeera is not responsible for the content of external websites

But she said Pentagon officials indicated to Al Jazeera that there was no reason to doubt the authenticity of the tape.

She added that the results of two Pentagon investigations given to her cleared the air crew of any wrongdoing.

A statement from the two probes said the air crew had acted appropriately and followed the rules of engagement.

According to the probes, the air crew had reason to believe the people seen in the video were fighters before opening fire, she said.

They added that it was not until after the fact that the soldiers knew there were reporters at the scene and could have even guessed that the people were carrying cameras and not weapons.

Ivan Eland, a defence analyst who has advised US congressmen on military and national security policy, told Al Jazeera that anyone who appeared to be helping hostile targets in a war zone can technically be considered a fair target.

"I don't think anybody tried to purposely kill anybody here but I think in this type of warfare it's not like in a conventional battle, you're not really sure who is in the insurgency and who is not ... and the real problem is in identifying the players and what they are doing in the war," he said.

Still, he said "there should have been some concern that this was not a hostile group because they saw this helicopter going around and around and didn't seem to be fearful of it".

"Insurgents would have either fled or used the rocket-propelled grenade launcher right off their backs," he said.

In the video, a voice can be heard saying there has been a shooting in the area. The unidentified person later receives permission to open fire.

Following the shooting, the footage shows troops carrying two injured children, as another unidentified person asks for permission to take the wounded out of the area.

A voice responds, saying, "Well, it's their fault for bringing their kids into a battle."


Slain photographer's brother denounces 'criminal' US military

Our correspondent said the military had released a statement at the time of the attack saying they had positively identified weapons and fighters in the strike.

"It's important to point out that at the time of this incident, the military was very specific," she said.

"They said that the children were injured by shrapnel and the people who were killed were identified positively as militants who had put the security of Iraq at risk and that they had ... weapons.

"The commanders at the time said that they really regretted that children were wounded in this and said that they had taken every step possible to make sure that innocent lives were spared."

Nabil Nour El Deen, the brother of the Reuters photographer killed in the shooting, condemned the attack as a "crime" committed by the US military.

"Is this the democracy and freedom that they claim they have brought to Iraq?

"What Namir was doing was a patriotic work. He was trying to cover the violations of the Americans against the Iraqi people," he told Al Jazeera.

"We demand the international organisations to help us sue those people responsible for the killings of our sons and our people."

'Military whistleblowers'

Julian Assange, the editor of WikiLeaks.org,said there was strong evidence to suggest the video was genuine.

Julian Assange, the editor of WikiLeaks, said there is evidence that the video is genuine

"There was a Washington Post reporter who was with that US military unit on the ground on that day," Assange told Al Jazeera, referring to David Finkel, a journalist who was embedded with the US military in July 2007.

"He wrote a chapter in a book, which was published last year, called The Good Soldiers, which correlates directly to the material in that video.

"Also, Reuters conducted a number of investigations and interviewed two ground witnesses at the time.

"That story wasn't really taken seriously, [with] nothing to back up the witnesses, but now we have the video that shows that those witnesses were correct."

WikiLeaks set up a separate website with detailed information on the video,which it said it obtained from a number of "military whistleblowers".

"WikiLeaks goes to great lengths to verify the authenticity of the information it receives," the website read.

"We have analysed the information about this incident from a variety of source material. We have spoken to witnesses and journalists directly involved in the incident."

Al Jazeera is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Al Jazeera
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
More than one-quarter of Gaza's population has been displaced, causing a humanitarian crisis.
Ministers and MPs caught on camera sleeping through important speeches have sparked criticism that they are not working.
Muslim charities claim discrimination after major UK banks began closing their accounts.
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
US drones in Pakistan have killed thousands since 2004. How have leaders defended or decried these deadly planes?
Residents count the cost of violence after black American teenager shot dead by white Missouri police officer.
EU's poorest member state is struggling to cope with an influx of mostly war-weary Syrian refugees.
Study says tipping point reached as poachers kill 7 percent of African elephants annually; birth rate is 5 percent.
Zimbabwe's leader given rotating chairmanship of 15-member nation bloc a year after he won disputed presidential polls.
join our mailing list