[QODLink]
Americas
Shuttle docks at space station
Endeavour arrives on last major construction mission at International Space Station.
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2010 06:44 GMT
The new modules brought by Endeavour will make the space station 98 per cent complete [Nasa]

The space shuttle Endeavour has docked at the International Space Station on its last major construction visit to the orbiting platform.

The shuttle and its six crew are expected to spend just over a week at the station, installing a new room and a panoramic lookout module that promises to give resident astronauts spectacular views back to Earth and out into space.

Nasa, the US space agency, has dubbed the mission "A Room with a View".

The two components together weighing more than 16 tons were built in Italy at a cost of $400m and are a key European component for the station.

Space window

Nasa says the new window will have important psychological benefits for the crew [Nasa]

Once the room, named Tranquility, and its attached glass domed lookout are bolted in place, the space station will be 98 per cent complete.

The first of three scheduled space walks to install the new modules will take place on Thursday.

Tranquility, named after the Apollo 11 moon landing site, will house life-support and exercise equipment, and a toilet.

The domed observation port, known as the Cupola, includes the largest window ever deployed in space, measuring 80 centimetres in diameter.

As well as scientific benefits and being an aid to construction and maintenance on the space station, Nasa says the new window will also have important psychological benefits for the crew – enabling them to maintain a visual connection with Earth during long missions in space.

Endeavour blasted off on Monday from the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida in what mission controllers said was the shuttle's final night launch.

Spacecraft scrapped

Nasa has plans for just four more shuttle flights before the three vehicles in the shuttle fleet are retired.

After that, the agency will have no manned spaceflight capability and will have to rely on renting space on Russian Soyuz capsules as the only way to transport its astronauts to and from the space station.

What vehicle will replace the shuttle remains unclear.

Nasa had originally planned the Orion capsule, scheduled to come online around 2015, as the next generation of spacecraft as part of its Constellation programme.

But last month the Obama administration announced it was scrapping Constellation in favour of more cost-effective space projects.

As part of the revised Nasa budget, officials said they would be looking to provide incentives for greater private sector involvement in designing and building future spacecraft to carry US astronauts.

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Muslim volunteers face questioning and threat of arrest, while aid has been disrupted or blocked, charities say.
Six months on, outrage and sorrow over the mass schoolgirl abduction has disappeared - except for families in Nigeria.
ISIL combatants seeking an 'exit strategy' from Mideast conflict need positive reinforcement back home, analysts say.
European nation hit by a wave of Islamophobia as many young fighters join ISIL in Syria and Iraq.
Featured
Lack of child protection laws means abandoned and orphaned kids rely heavily on the care of strangers.
At least 25 tax collectors have been killed since 2012 in Mogadishu, a city awash in weapons and abject poverty.
Since she was 16-years-old, Scottish Nationalist Party's Sturgeon has strove for independence from the UK.
Armed group's ransom success with German hostages marks a re-emergence, as authorities investigate ISIL links.
Western nations are moving into the resource-rich country after decades of disinterest, challenging China's interests.