[QODLink]
Americas
Shuttle docks at space station
Endeavour arrives on last major construction mission at International Space Station.
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2010 06:44 GMT
The new modules brought by Endeavour will make the space station 98 per cent complete [Nasa]

The space shuttle Endeavour has docked at the International Space Station on its last major construction visit to the orbiting platform.

The shuttle and its six crew are expected to spend just over a week at the station, installing a new room and a panoramic lookout module that promises to give resident astronauts spectacular views back to Earth and out into space.

Nasa, the US space agency, has dubbed the mission "A Room with a View".

The two components together weighing more than 16 tons were built in Italy at a cost of $400m and are a key European component for the station.

Space window

Nasa says the new window will have important psychological benefits for the crew [Nasa]

Once the room, named Tranquility, and its attached glass domed lookout are bolted in place, the space station will be 98 per cent complete.

The first of three scheduled space walks to install the new modules will take place on Thursday.

Tranquility, named after the Apollo 11 moon landing site, will house life-support and exercise equipment, and a toilet.

The domed observation port, known as the Cupola, includes the largest window ever deployed in space, measuring 80 centimetres in diameter.

As well as scientific benefits and being an aid to construction and maintenance on the space station, Nasa says the new window will also have important psychological benefits for the crew – enabling them to maintain a visual connection with Earth during long missions in space.

Endeavour blasted off on Monday from the Kennedy Space Centre in Florida in what mission controllers said was the shuttle's final night launch.

Spacecraft scrapped

Nasa has plans for just four more shuttle flights before the three vehicles in the shuttle fleet are retired.

After that, the agency will have no manned spaceflight capability and will have to rely on renting space on Russian Soyuz capsules as the only way to transport its astronauts to and from the space station.

What vehicle will replace the shuttle remains unclear.

Nasa had originally planned the Orion capsule, scheduled to come online around 2015, as the next generation of spacecraft as part of its Constellation programme.

But last month the Obama administration announced it was scrapping Constellation in favour of more cost-effective space projects.

As part of the revised Nasa budget, officials said they would be looking to provide incentives for greater private sector involvement in designing and building future spacecraft to carry US astronauts.

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
Country
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
Absenteeism among doctors at government hospitals is rife, prompting innovative efforts to ensure they turn up for work.
Marginalised and jobless, desperate young men in Nairobi slums provide fertile ground for al-Shabab.
The Khmer Rouge tribunal is set to hear genocide charges for targeting ethnic Vietnamese and Cham Muslims.
'I'm dying anyway, one piece at a time' said Steve Fobister, who suffers from disabilities caused by mercury poisoning.
The world's newest professional sport comes from an unlikely source: video games.
join our mailing list