[QODLink]
Americas
Vietnam war architect McNamara dies
Former US defence secretary Robert McNamara passes away in his sleep aged 93.
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2009 09:08 GMT
McNamara was a key architect of the US war in Vietnam [AFP]

Robert McNamara, the former US defence secretary and one of the main architects of the US war in Vietnam, has died at the age of 93.

McNamara died in his sleep on Monday at his home in Washington, DC, members of his family said.

"His age just caught up with him," his wife, Diana, told the Reuters news agency.

"He was not ill. He died peacefully in his sleep," she said.

McNamara served as secretary of defence in the administrations of US presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson.

He also forged careers in industry and international finance, but was principally associated with the Vietnam War, the conflict dubbed "McNamara's war" by critics of the US operation.

'Failed US policy'

A controversial figure, McNamara was seen by many critics as the symbol of a failed US policy that led to the deaths of more than 58,000 US troops.

In video

Robert McNamara's life

As defence secretary, McNamara oversaw the escalation of US military offensives in Vietnam from 1961 to 1968 and was also an early supporter of counter-insurgency operations.

McNamara was also a senior figure involved in the US invasion of the Bay of Pigs in Cuba in April 1961 and the Cuban missile crisis more than a year later during the Kennedy administration.

After leaving the US defence department in 1968, McNamara went on to head the World Bank until 1981.

Vietnam apologies

He increased the bank's loans to developing countries and changed its focus from large-scale industrial projects to development in rural communities.

McNamara spent much of his life trying to explain the US role in Vietnam and apologising for his mistakes.

He also became a subject of the 2003 Academy Award winning documentary "The Fog of War", in which he discussed the difficulty of decision-making during the Vietnam war.

"We of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations acted according to what we thought were the principles and traditions of our country," McNamara, then 78, told the Associated Press news agency in an interview in 1995.

"But we were wrong. We were terribly wrong."

Source:
Agencies
Topics in this article
People
Country
Featured on Al Jazeera
Swathes of the British electorate continue to show discontent with all things European, including immigration.
Astronomers have captured images of primordial galaxies that helped light up the cosmos after the Big Bang.
Critics assail British photographer's portrayal of indigenous people, but he says he's highlighting their plight.
As Western stars re-release 1980s charity hit, many Africans say it's a demeaning relic that can do more harm than good.
Featured
No one convicted after 58 people gunned down in cold blood in 2009 in the country's worst political mass killing.
While hosting the World Internet Conference, China tries Tiananmen activist for leaking 'state secrets' to US website.
Once staunchly anti-immigrant, some observers say the conservative US state could lead the way in documenting migrants.
NGOs say women without formal documentation are being imprisoned after giving birth in Malaysia.
Public stripping and assault of woman and rival protests thereafter highlight Kenya's gender-relations divide.