The reductions could save the average family of four $2,500 in healthcare costs, the White House said.
None of the groups, which included the American Medical Association and the American Hospital Association, offered details on how they would cut costs.
Healthcare reform was a key pledge of Obama's election campaign, and critics warned that US healthcare providers had opposed previous attempts at reform and pointed out that the deal was not enforceable.
"The patient has been left out of the administration's back-room deal with special interests," said John Cornyn, a Republican senator and member of the Senate Finance Committee that has jurisdiction over health care.
"The American people deserve real solutions to our health care crisis, not another special interest working group."
The US, which has the most costly healthcare system in the world, and about 46 million Americans without health insurance pay for their care.
Studies have shown it lags other developed nations on key indicators of healthcare quality, including life expectancy and infant mortality.