Fidel Castro, the former Cuban president, has held talks with US politicians in Havana, the first such meeting since he stepped down from the presidency in 2006 after falling ill.
The three members of the Congressional Black Caucus were on a visit to examine ways to normalise relations between the two countries.
On her return from Cuba, Barbara Lee, a congresswoman from California, said in Washington on Tuesday that the group believed "it is time to open dialogue and discussion with Cuba".
The surprise meeting with Castro came a day after the full delegation of six representatives held talks with Raul Castro, Fidel's brother who has succeeded him.
The delegation said Fidel, 82, who remains fragile after undergoing emergency intestinal surgery in July 2006, seemed alert and energetic.
"As he leaned in, he looked directly into our eyes, quite aware of what was happening, and said to us 'how can we help President Obama?'," said Laura Richardson, also from California.
The meeting took place at Castro's home, where they were greeted by his wife, Lee said.
The talks were held amid hopes for a possible thaw in US-Cuba relations, spurred on by a pledge by Barack Obama, the US president, to move towards normalising ties with the island.
Washington does not have diplomatic or economic relations with Havana, but there are signs that the situation will be eased under Obama.
"I'm convinced Raul Castro wants a normal relationship with the United States," Lee told The Associated Press news agency after Monday's meeting.
"We talked about all the issues necessary to normal relations between our two countries," she said. "It was a constructive dialogue."
The US congress is preparing to consider bills that would allow American travel to Cuba, which has been largely banned under a US trade embargo imposed on the island since 1962.
Media reports have also suggested that Obama will keep a campaign promise to remove limits on family travel and remittances between the US and Cuba.
Richard Lugar, the senior Republican on the US senate foreign relations committee, said last week that US policy towards Cuba had "not only failed to promote human rights and democracy, but also undermines our broader security and political interests".