US scam suspect under house arrest
US financial watchdog to investigate why staff failed to detect alleged $50bn fraud.
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2008 23:53 GMT
Allegations of wrongdoing were reportedly first levelled against Madoff in 1999

Bernard Madoff, the US financier accused of orchestrating a $50bn scam has been placed under house arrest at his New York apartment.

On Wednesday, Madoff and his wife Ruth agreed to forfeit their Manhattan apartment and other properties if they failed to adhere to conditions of a $10m bail.

A federal judge also ordered Madoff to be fitted with an electronic ankle bracelet and Ruth to surrender her US passport.

The 70-year-old is accused of secretly using money from new investors to pay interest to other investors in a case of fraud known as a Ponzi or pyramid scheme.

BNP Paribas, a French bank, became the latest to admit it may have been exposed to the alleged fraud on Wednesday.

The collapse has shaken financial institutions worldwide and hit big-name investors.

Earlier, the US financial regulator said it would launch an in-house investigation into why it failed to detect the alleged fraud despite a decade of warning signs.

Christopher Cox, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) chairman, said in a statement that he had "directed a full and immediate review of the past allegations regarding Mr Madoff and his firm and the reasons they were not found credible".

'Multiple failures'

The SEC "has learnt that credible and specific allegations regarding Mr Madoff's financial wrongdoing, going back to at least 1999, were repeatedly brought to the attention of SEC staff, but were never recommended to the commission for action", Cox said.

"I am gravely concerned by the apparent multiple failures over at least a decade to thoroughly investigate these allegations"

Christopher Cox,
SEC chairman

"I am gravely concerned by the apparent multiple failures over at least a decade to thoroughly investigate these allegations."

Cox's statement is likely to fuel fresh criticism of the SEC, an agency increasingly seen in the US congress and elsewhere as incapable of carrying out its mission - to ensure a basic level of honesty on Wall Street.

An earlier review by the SEC inspector-general determined that the agency's monitoring of the five biggest Wall Street firms, which included Bear Stearns, was lacking and Cox himself has come in for strong criticism.

In March, a few days before Bear Stearns nearly collapsed into bankruptcy, Cox told reporters the agency was closely monitoring the five investment firms and had "a good deal of comfort" in their capital levels.

In his statement Cox said that the SEC had not used legal powers to seek information about Madoff's business in the past, but that instead SEC staff "relied upon information voluntarily produced by Mr Madoff and his firm".

The SEC internal investigation will also "include all staff contact and relationships with the Madoff family and firm, and their impact, if any, on decisions by staff regarding the firm", Cox said.

Huge losses

A growing number of charitable foundations, big international banks and individual investors have acknowledged falling victim to the alleged fraud.

Spain's stock market regulator said investment funds there had direct exposure of $147m, a day after Spain's biggest bank Santander announced potential losses of more than $3bn from Madoff Investment Securities.

Japanese financial firms joined the growing list of those caught up in the scandal, with the Aozora Bank saying its exposure might amount to $137m.

Even the charitable Wunderkinder Foundation, established by Steven Spielberg, the filmmaker, fell victim to the alleged fraud and suffered losses, according to The Wall Street Journal.

Jean-Pierre Jouyet, France's former European affairs minister who this week took over at France's financial markets watchdog, the AMF, said that not for the first time "American regulation is in question".

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