Argentina seeks 'Malvinas' return
Buenos Aires says 25 years on, the Falklands war has "changed nothing".
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2007 21:00 GMT
Argentina maintains a constitutional claim to the sovereignty on the Falklands [AFP]
Argentina has reasserted its claim to sovereignty over the Falklands on the 25th anniversary of the country's invasion of the islands.

During a memorial ceremony in the southern town of Ushuaia Daniel Scioli, the country's vice president said: "The Malvinas are Argentine, they have always been and they always will be."
His comments ended a week of defiant rhetoric by the Argentinian government ahead of the anniversary, which saw it unilaterally end a bilateral oil exploration deal with Britain and the country's foreign minister accuse Britain of military triumphalism.

"The war has not changed the reality ... We will recover what is ours," Scioli said and urged Britain to sit down for negotiations on the islands.

Jorge Taiana, the foreign minister, said Argentina would continue  pressing its case before international bodies.

'Continuing regret'

"We will do so firmly," Taiana said in the southern city of Rio Grande, where thousands of people attended a vigil honouring the 649 Argentinian soldiers killed in the conflict.

25 years on

- UK "regrets" Falklands war deaths

- Argentina ends Falklands oil deal


Taiana had earlier dismissed an expression of "continuing regret" from his British counterpart Margaret Beckett and accused London of military triumphalism in its commemorative plans.

"What they want to do is not what [Tony Blair] called a  commemoration, but a triumphant military parade, a typical gesture of arrogance," he said on Sunday.

Argentina maintains a claim of sovereignty over the islands it calls the Malvinas in its constitution, and has spent the week prior to the anniversary reasserting its position.

The government unilaterally cancelled a bilateral oil exploration agreement with Britain and announced sanctions against companies exploring in the disputed area around the islands.
The two countries waged a two-month long war after Argentina's military junta, headed by general Leopoldo Galtieri, invaded the remote South Atlantic islands 480km off its coast on April 2, 1982.

Painful memories

More than 900 people died including 649 Argentinians, 255 British troops and three islanders during the fighting which took place in the air, on land and at sea before Argentina surrendered on June 14.

The defeat is still very much an open wound for Argentinian society and for its veterans.

 Nearly 650 Argentinian soldiers died
during the conflict in 1982 [AFP]

Guillermo Diaz was a 19-year-old conscript when he was held as a prisoner of war in the islands' capital, Port Stanley.

Accompanied by Al Jazeera's Lucia Newman, he returned to the islands for the first time in 25 years.

Breaking down in tears, Diaz described how "this where I left my youth, my immaturity. A part of me was left here and I had to come back to get it."

"From now on my life will change for the better. I needed to do this in peace."

Visiting the cemetery where the remains of 232 Argentine soldiers lay, including his friend Eduardo, Diaz was dismayed not find the names of many of the dead with the tombs only reading "here lies an Argentine soldier, known only to God".

No support

The British took most of its soldiers home for burial, but not Argentina.

Diaz said this was "because it is proof of our sovereignty. They are our custodians that show this is Argentinian land."

Guillermo Diaz had not returned to
the "Malvinas" for 25 years

Humiliated in defeat, Argentina turned its back on many of its veterans and for almost a decade they received no pension or health benefits and no help to treat post traumatic stress disorder.

Enrique de Rosas, a post-trauma specialist, said: "The government preferred to deny the problem and ... the help that has to be immediate, comes too late."

The result is that more than 450 former Argentinian soldiers committed suicide after the war.

The current government under Nestor Kirchner, Argentina's president, has approved decent pensions and health services for war veterans.

Kirchner, who decided not to attend the ceremony in Ushuaia on Monday, has made the Falklands claim a strategic part of his foreign policy since his election in 2003, telling the UN he would seek a peaceful track.

Britain and Argentina re-established diplomatic relations in 1990 but despite efforts at reconciliation in recent years, ties remain problematic and Argentina rejected an invitation to a joint commemoration service in London to mark the 25th anniversary.

Al Jazeera and agencies
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