Combating El Salvador's gangs
Police chiefs are meeting in Los Angeles to discuss escalating gang violence.
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2007 23:45 GMT
Thousands of youngsters are arrested daily, but every night bodies are found on Salvadoran streets

Police chiefs from across the US and Central America are meeting in Los Angeles for a three-day summit to discuss ways of tackling escalating gang violence across the region.
The conference comes just days after the US announced it would fund a new anti-gang unit for several Central American countries, including El Salvador.
In the first in a series of special reports, Al Jazeera's Mariana Sanchez has been looking at how El Salvador's approximately 30,000 gang members are terrorising the country's capital, San Salvador.

El Salvador's government has stepped up its crackdown on gangs, or maras, as they are called.


Elite police units, armed and trained by US special police, have been attacking the two most violent gangs in Central America: the Mara Salvatrucha and the 18th Street.


Youth crackdown


Years into the crackdown, young men are familiar with the drill. They are deemd as suspects by having a gang's tattoos or simply for being young and male.


Alcides Enrique Grandos, an officer with the UTO (Operative Tactical Unit), said: "If they look more than 14 and 18-years old, we will stop them."


The police's way of cleaning up the streets is to lock gang members up, by the thousand.


But every night, police find at least eight bodies disposed of in bushes or left on San Salvador's streets.


Police have sent thousands of
gang members to prison
Authorities say the gangs are fuelling the wave of violent crimes that has swept across the region.


Officials say the hard-line approach is the way to combat gang violence. But years into it El Salvador is still one of the most violent countries in Latin America.


The streets are empty at night and people fear for their lives.


Elite units aim to strike at the heart of the gangs. Rapid response teams, backed by military patrols, target gang territory but the violence has not abated.


The government reported almost 4,000 murders in 2006.


'Harder' response


Rodrigo Avila, the head of police, wants to hit the gangs harder.


He said: "We know we have to improve a lot but if you talk to the people, people really think that the law is not being enforced, that the law is not strong enough."


The government's hard-line approach has sent thousands of gang members to prison.


The cycle of violence is reminiscent of the 80's, when El Salvador was plunged into a 12 year civil war that killed at least 70,000 people.


The war indirectly gave birth to the gangs. Thousands of Salvadoran refugees fled to the US and there the gangs were founded.


Alex Sanchez help start the Mara Salvatrucha
in Los Angeles [Al Jazeera]
Alex Sanchez arrived in the US when he was just seven.


He says he felt isolated and vulnerable in a Los Angeles where gangs reigned and he did not feel that he belonged.


He became one of the founders of the Mara Salvatrucha.


Sanchez said: "When they killed one of the guys from one of the cliques ... it brought everybody into a whole different view of what they were involved in.


"It wasn't about the one on one fights, or the rumbles in the schools or in the parks. That was about a life, or taking somebody's life. And we had one taken."


Thousands of gang members were arrested in the US as part of Operation Community Shield, which was launched in 2005.


The US policy of deporting convicted gang members means that thousands have been sent back to El Salvador and a generation of Salvadoran gang members who grew up in the US are now on the streets of San Salvador.

Al Jazeera
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Swathes of the British electorate continue to show discontent with all things European, including immigration.
Astronomers have captured images of primordial galaxies that helped light up the cosmos after the Big Bang.
Critics assail British photographer's portrayal of indigenous people, but he says he's highlighting their plight.
As Western stars re-release 1980s charity hit, many Africans say it's a demeaning relic that can do more harm than good.
Remnants of deadly demonstrations to be displayed in a new museum, a year after protests pushed president out of power.
No one convicted after 58 people gunned down in cold blood in 2009 in the country's worst political mass killing.
While hosting the World Internet Conference, China tries Tiananmen activist for leaking 'state secrets' to US website.
Once staunchly anti-immigrant, some observers say the conservative US state could lead the way in documenting migrants.
NGOs say women without formal documentation are being imprisoned after giving birth in Malaysia.