An innovative way to discover the story of Palestine
We examine the plight of Sri Lanka's war widows
25 Mar 2014 21:01 GMT | Africa
The United States has said it is increasing its humanitarian aid to South Sudan to $411m, funneling it through UN agencies and non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
The State Department said Washington was adding an extra $83m in aid to address the needs of South Sudanese affected by an armed conflict that has been raging since December 15.
"With this new funding, the United States humanitarian assistance is nearly $411m for fiscal years 2013 and 2014 to aid victims of the conflict in South Sudan, including internally displaced persons and refugees in South Sudan, as well as those South Sudanese who have fled to neighboring countries," the State Department said.
The aid will be channeled through UN agencies like the World Food Programme, UNICEF and the High Commission on Refugees as well as NGOs, the AFP news agency reported.
About 250,000 people have fled to neighbouring countries including Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, and more than 700,000 have been displaced internally by the fighting, according to US and UN estimates.
The warring parties resumed a second round of talks on Tuesday in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa, where both sides have been urged to revive a moribund cease-fire signed on January 23.
Fighting initially broke out within the South Sudanese army between soldiers loyal to President Salva Kiir and those loyal to former vice president Riek Machar.
It then spread, leaving several thousand dead and nearly a million South Sudanese homeless.
The fighting has been accompanied by ethnic massacres, with the political rivalries between Kiir and Machar intensified by antagonism between the Dinka and Nuer people, and the legacy of a long civil war against Sudan which ended with South Sudan's independence in July 2011.
The US, the country that has worked hardest to bring about South Sudan's creation, has stepped up pressure on the warring factions to avoid breaking up the young country.
Washington's involvement in South Sudan dates back to its support for the separatist South Sudanese forces of John Garang, who died in 2005.
Analysts say the US has both humanitarian and strategic interests in the country.
Decision to give internally displaced people sanctuary probably saved lives, but it has also caused problems for the UN.
Aid agencies in Juba warn that flooded camps caused by heavy rains could create a catastrophic situation for refugees.
Content on this website is for general information purposes only. Your comments
are provided by your own free will and you take sole responsibility for any direct
or indirect liability. You hereby provide us with an irrevocable, unlimited, and
global license for no consideration to use, reuse, delete or publish comments, in
accordance with Community Rules & Guidelines and Terms and Conditions.
Ahead of World Malaria Day, doctors urge governments to find solutions to prevent infection and death.
Health, Africa, Congo
EU politicians are scrambling for solutions after the boat disaster that drowned more than 800 migrants.
Migrants, Europe, Africa
Revolutionary video-sharing site marks a decade of life, but some question whether it has bettered humanity.
Internet, United States, Iran
Student leaders at prestigious School of Oriental and African Studies press for a severance of Israel university ties.
War & Conflict, Europe, Gaza: After the war
Magnitude 7.9 quake east of Pokhara was felt as far away as Delhi and Dhaka, killing at least 876 people.
Natural disasters, Asia
Fighters took partial control of a dam and base guarding it, as group's advance on Ramadi forces civilians to flee city.
War & Conflict, Middle East
Kite-balloons and spectrometers - how community activists use DIY technology to investigate environmental polluters.
Environment, Science & Technology, US & Canada
The story of a young Chinese woman who sells her time online to earn money by helping strangers with their errands.
Business & Economy, Human Rights, China
Fault Lines investigates how the US helped create the world's newest nation, and then watched it spiral into civil war.
War & Conflict, Politics, South Sudan
An examination of the deep wound that remains at the heart of Turkish-Armenian relations.
War & Conflict, Politics, US & Canada