DRC government and M23 sign peace deal

Rebel group agreed to engage in talks in October after suffering defeats against government and UN-backed forces.

Last updated: 12 Dec 2013 23:33
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
M23 rebels, who were once part of the country's army, mutinied in 2012 [EPA]

The Democratic Republic of Congo government and M23 rebels have signed a peace agreement in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi. The deal was announced through an official statement


M23 are the latest incarnation of ethnic Tutsi-led fighters who have battled the DRC government in its mineral-rich eastern regions for more than two decades.

Government spokesman Lambert Mende said that three documents were signed at the State House in Nairobi and their provisions include a reiteration of the dissolution of M23 as an armed group, according to Reuters news agency.

He reportedly said that other provisions include details of demobilisation and a renunciation of violence as a means of pursuing future claims, adding:

"The document is very clear: there is no blanket amnesty. Those who are presumed to have committed criminal behaviour in terms of international law, war crimes or crimes against humanity will not be reinserted into society."

M23 losses

The M23, who were mainly Tutsis fighting against the government in the east of the country, agreed to peace talks with the government in October after suffering a number of defeats against government troops of the DRC and United Nations-backed forces. 

M23 were once part of the country's army, but mutinied in 2012, accusing the government of not honouring a 2009 peace deal.

The world's largest UN peacekeeping force has been deployed in the DRC, helping the government fight M23.

Rwanda and Uganda have been accused by the DRC and the UN of backing the rebel forces, but have repeatedly denied the allegations.


Al Jazeera and agencies
Email Article
Print Article
Share article
Send Feedback
Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
Your chance to be an investigative journalist in Al Jazeera’s new interactive game.
An innovative rehabilitation programme offers Danish fighters in Syria an escape route and help without prosecution.
Street tension between radical Muslims and Holland's hard right rises, as Islamic State anxiety grows.
Take an immersive look at the challenges facing the war-torn country as US troops begin their withdrawal.
Private citizens take initiative to help 'irregular' migrants, accusing governments of excessive focus on security.
Indonesia's cassava plantations are being killed by mealybugs, and thousands of wasps will be released to stop them.
Violence in Ain al-Arab has prompted many Kurdish Syrians to flee to Turkey, but others are returning to battle ISIL.
Unelected representatives quietly iron out logistics of massive TPP and TTIP deals among US, Europe, and Asia-Pacific.
Led by students concerned for their future with 'nothing to lose', it remains to be seen who will blink first.