Zimbabwe votes in support of new constitution

The majority of Zimbabweans vote in favour of new draft constitution, paving the way for new elections this year.
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2013 15:28
An estimated six million citizens were eligible to vote for the new referendum [AP]

Almost 95 percent of Zimbabweans have voted in favour of a new draft constitution which is supported by both President Robert Mugabe and his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai, which paves the way for new elections.

Tallies, released by the Zimbabwe Electoral Commisison after Tuesday's results, showed that an overwhelming 3,079,966 voters were in favour of the new constitution and 179,489 were against it. 

"Since the majority of the votes were received in favour of the adoption of the draft constitution and, it is declared to have been adopted by the people of Zimbabwe," said Lovemore Sekeramayi, the official in charge of the vote tally. 

An estimated six million citizens were eligible to vote. 

Mugabe and Tsvangirai, the prime minister, backed the draft consititution that will usher in fresh polls to end the pair's tense unity government arrangement that were set up after the violent and disputed 2008 elections . 

The new charter sets a maximum of two five-year terms in office for the president, boosts parliament's powers and abolishes the post of the prime minister. 

Now that the referendum results are announced, it takes some 30 days of legislative technicalities before the draft is signed into law by Mugabe. 

A consitution amendment bill has to be tabled, devated and approved. However, legislators have said that the debate must be ceremonial, as the text has already been given a green light. 

Gains for Zimbabweans

The new constitution, which was hailed by the US and regional observers as peaceful and credible, protects Zimbabweans from all forms of violence and torture and guarantees freedom of expression. 

Some observers have expressed their concern on whether there is enough time to synchronise the existing laws with the new constitution in time for elections. 

McDonald Lewanika, an observer from the Crisis Coalition, said that it is "almost certain" that elections would be held this year, but said that it was unlikely that all the constitutional changes would be implemented in time for the elections. 

However, Jonathan Moyo, a member of of the supreme decision making body, the politburo, said it was possible for parliament to move quickly. 

"Its adoption as bill is a formality... there is no basis for grandstanding or politicking to waste time. It can be done in a day," said Moyo. 

He said law drafters were already working on the changes, and amending the electoral laws in line with the constitution could be finalised even within weeks. 

"There is more than enough time to align the electoral laws with the constitution," he said


Topics in this article
Featured on Al Jazeera
UNHCR says hundreds of people trapped in Yaloke town risk death if they are not evacuated to safety urgently.
'Justice for All' demonstrations swell across the US over the deaths of African Americans in police encounters.
Six former Guantanamo detainees are now free in Uruguay with some hailing the decision to grant them asylum.
Disproportionately high number of Aboriginal people in prison highlights inequality and marginalisation, critics say.
Long-standing dispute over Christian use of the word 'Allah' raises concerns about a very un-Merry Christmas.
The threat posed by ISIL has prompted thousands of young Kurds to join the PKK.
Baja California - with its own grim history of disappeared people - finds a voice in the fight against violence.
Russian feminist rockers fight system holding 700,000 - the world's largest per capita prison population after the US.
Weeks of growing protests against Muslims continue in Dresden with 15,000 hitting the streets last Monday.