|Libyan officials said three civilian were killed in airstrikes on Tripoli [Reuters - photo taken on guided government tour]
NATO warplanes have hammered Tripoli with some of the heaviest airstrikes yet, as US president Barack Obama and British prime minister David Cameron said Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi would "inevitably" be forced from power.
At least 12 huge explosions rocked the capital in the early hours on Tuesday. Government spokesman Mussa Ibrahim said three people were killed and 150 wounded.
Ibrahim said the strikes had targeted a compound of the Popular Guards, a tribally-based military detachment. But he said the compound had been emptied of people and "useful material" in anticipation of an attack, and the casualties were people living in the vicinity.
"This is another night of bombing and killing by NATO," Ibrahim told reporters.
Led by France, Britain and the United States, NATO warplanes have been bombing Libya for more than two months since the United Nations authorised "all necessary measures" to protect civilians from Gaddafi's forces in the country's civil war.
"We have degraded his war machine and prevented a humanitarian catastrophe. And we will continue to enforce the UN resolutions with our allies until they are completely complied with," Barack Obama, the US president, and David Cameron, the British prime minister, wrote in The Times newspaper on Tuesday.
UN Security Council 1973, passed on March 17, established a no-fly zone and called for a ceasefire, an end to attacks on civilians, respect for human rights and efforts to meet Libyans' aspirations.
In upbeat comments, Hillary Clinton, the US secretary of state, told a news conference in London on Monday: "We do believe that time is working against Gaddafi, that he cannot re-establish control over the country."
She said the opposition had organised a legitimate and credible interim council that was committed to democracy.
"Their military forces are improving and when Gaddafi inevitably leaves, a new Libya stands ready to move forward," she said. "We have a lot of confidence in what our joint efforts are producing."
Rebels trying to overthrow Gaddafi's 41-year rule control the east of the oil-producing country, but the conflict has been deadlocked for weeks.
In an escalation that could help break the stalemate, French officials said on Monday that France and Britain would deploy attack helicopters, a step aimed at targeting Gaddafi's forces more precisely.
"What we want is to better tailor our ability to strike on the ground with ways that allow more accurate hits," Alain Juppe, the French foreign minister, said.
But the use of helicopters carries risks for NATO, as they would fly lower than warplanes and be more exposed to ground fire.
The downing of helicopters could draw ground forces into rescue efforts.
Reporters, whose movements are tightly controlled by the Libyan authorities, were taken to visit Tripoli's central hospital after the heavy night raids.
They were shown the corpses of three men with grave head injuries.
A man who identified himself only as Hatim, who had deep gashes and abrasions on his arms and legs, said the force of the blasts had caved in part of his residence near the military compound.
"We were in the house and then, wham, the ceiling came down, right on me," he said.
Smaller blasts were heard intermittently for several minutes after the final round of strikes, which shook windows and brought plaster down from ceilings in the Tripoli hotel where foreign reporters were staying.