[QODLink]
Africa
Call for calm after S Africa murder
President warns against racial tensions following killing of white far-right leader.
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2010 18:23 GMT


Terreblanche was released from prison in 2004 after serving a sentence for attempted murder

South Africa's president has called for calm following the killing of Eugene Terreblanche, the white supremecist leader, in a reported pay dispute with black workers.

Jacob Zuma on Sunday described Terreblanche's killing as a "terrible deed" but called on South Africans to avoid letting the killing incite racial tensions.

"The president appeals for calm following this terrible deed and asks South Africans not to allow agent provocateurs to take advantage of this situation by inciting or fueling racial hatred," his office said in a statement.

Police said Terreblanche was attacked at his farm outside the town of Ventersdorp and have detained two workers in connection with his death.

The killing is believed to have come after a dispute over wages, but members of Terreblanche's Afrikaner Resistance Movement (AWB) say he was hacked to death with machetes in a politically motivated attack.

'Declaration of war'

Andre Visagie, the movement's secretary-general, called the killing "a declaration of war" by blacks against whites and said the AWB would avenge Terreblanche's death.

But he also urged AWB members not to act until after the group had decided its next steps at a meeting on May 1.

In depth

  S Africa tense over 'struggle' song

"We will decide upon our actions to avenge Mr Terreblanche's death. We will take action and the specific action ... will be decided upon at our conference," Visagie told the AFP news agency.

Terreblanche founded the AWB party in 1972 in opposition to what he regarded as the liberal policies of John Vorster, the then South African leader.

He wanted to create all-white states within South Africa in which blacks would only be allowed as guest workers, and threatened to take the country by force if the white government capitulated to the African National Congress.

After the end of apartheid in 1994, the party played only a marginal role in South African politics, and Terreblanche himself had kept a low public profile since his release in 2004 from prison after serving three years of a five-year term for the attempted murder of a black man.

But the AWB - whose flag resembles the Nazi Swastika - was revived in 2008, although Terreblanche continued to live in relative obscurity.

Fiery rhetoric

The killing comes at a time of worries over increasing racial polarisation in South Africa, heightened by a row over the singing of a song by the head of the ruling ANC party's youth league with the lyrics "Kill the Boer".

profile

  Terreblanche was born on a farm in the conservative Transvaal town of Ventersdorp on January 31, 1941
  He founded the AWB alongside six others in 1972 as a shadowy group seeking to protect the rights of the Boers' descendants
  In 1998, Terreblanche accepted "political and moral responsibility" before South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission for a bombing campaign to disrupt the 1994 elections in which 21 people were killed and hundreds injured

The ANC has defended the song as no more than a way to remember a history of oppression, but AWB officials have linked its sentiments to Terreblanche's death.

"That's what this is all about," Visagie said.  

Ebrahim Fakir, an African analyst, told Al Jazeera that it is unlikely Terreblanche's political cause will "necessarily die with him".

"It may lose some of its momentum; It may of course lose some of the fiery rhetoric that [Terreblanche] was known for in arguing for Afrikaner rights.

"Whether it loses momentum or not is a moot point, quite simply because it never gathered large amounts of steam in the first place. It didn't have much social support even amongst Afrikaners.

"There is no doubt that Terreblanche's death will exacerbate racial tensions in the immediate area in which he lived," he said."

The Afrikaners are descendants of the Boers, the first whites who arrived in South Africa 300 years ago and avoided assimilation with English-speaking settlers.

Their short-lived republics, in the Orange Free State, Transvaal and northern Natal, were broken up after the 1899-1902 Anglo-Boer War.

Source:
Al Jazeera and agencies
Topics in this article
People
City
Organisation
Featured on Al Jazeera
Italy struggles to deal with growing flood of migrants willing to risk their lives to reach the nearest European shores.
Israel's Operation Protective Edge is the third major offensive on the Gaza Strip in six years.
Muslims and Arabs in the US say they face discrimination in many areas of life, 13 years after the 9/11 attacks.
At one UN site alone, approximately four children below the age of five are dying each day.
Featured
Critics claim a vaguely worded secrecy law gives the Japanese government sweeping powers.
A new book looks at Himalayan nation's decades of political change and difficult transition from monarchy to democracy.
The Church of Christ built a $200m megachurch while analysts say members vote in a block.
US state is first to issue comprehensive draft regulations for the online currency, but critics say they are onerous.
Survivors of Shujayea bombardment recount horror tales amid frantic search for lost family members.
join our mailing list