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Africa
Al-Bashir urged to drop Qatar trip
Sudanese scholars say president should not attend Arab summit amid fears of his arrest.
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2009 03:38 GMT
Experts say at least 200,000 have been killed in Darfur but Sudan disputes the figures [AFP]

Influential Islamic scholars have advised Omar al-Bashir, Sudan's president, not to travel to an Arab League summit in Qatar after the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for his arrest. 

The scholars from the Sudan Ulema Authority issued a  fatwa, or Islamic legal ruling, on Saturday saying it was "impermissible for you [al-Bashir] to travel for this mission, which others can do in your place".

Al-Bashir, who has been accused of seven counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur, was scheduled to travel to the Gulf nation on March 30 for a summit set to focus on the situation in the western region.

The government is not bound by rulings from the Ulema Authority, but the body of scholars is widely respected in Sudan.

"The enemies would like to see us split and thrown to the four winds, and if you are harmed, then the whole nation would be affected," the scholars said in the fatwa.

"From a sharia [Islamic law] standpoint, you must not travel abroad."

Security arrangements

Senior Sudanese officials have released statements in recent days raising questions over the wisdom of the trip, prompting speculation that they were planning to send another representative instead.

Before the authority issued its statement, Mahjoub Fadul, the Sudanese presidential spokesman, told the Reuters news agency security arrangements had been put in place in case al-Bashir did make the journey.

In depth


 Profile: Omar al-Bashir
 Timeline: Darfur crisis
 Sudan peace deals in jeopardy
 Human rights lost in Darfur

Qatar is not a member of the ICC and would have no legal obligation to arrest al-Bashir if he entered its territory.

Amr Mussa, the Arab League secretary-general, said last week that the 22-nation group would not act on the arrest warrant.

But Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the ICC chief prosecutor, has warned in the past that any aeroplane carrying al-Bashir in international airspace could be intercepted, though the court has no enforcement apparatus of its own.

International experts say at least 200,000 people have been killed in Darfur and more than 2.7 million driven from their homes in almost six years of fighting.

Khartoum disputes the figures and says 10,000 people have died.

The conflict began when rebels took up arms against the government saying their region was being marginalised.

Source:
Agencies
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